FAQ - Precision Granite

FAQ

MAFUNSO AMENE AMAFUNSA KAWIRIKAWIRI

1. N'chifukwa Chiyani Musankhe Granite Pazigawo Zamakina ndi Zida za Metrology?

Granite ndi mtundu wa mwala woyaka moto womwe umakumbidwa chifukwa cha kulimba kwake, kachulukidwe, kulimba, komanso kukana dzimbiri.Koma granite imagwiranso ntchito mosiyanasiyana- si ya mabwalo ndi makona anayi okha!M'malo mwake, Timagwira ntchito molimba mtima ndi zida za granite zopangidwa ndi mawonekedwe, ngodya, ndi ma curve amitundu yonse pafupipafupi - ndi zotulukapo zabwino kwambiri.
Kupyolera mu luso lathu laukadaulo, malo odulidwa amatha kukhala athyathyathya mwapadera.Makhalidwewa amapangitsa granite kukhala chinthu choyenera kupanga makina oyambira kukula kwake komanso mapangidwe ake ndi zida za metrology.Granite ndi:
■ chotheka
■ kukhala lathyathyathya ndendende pamene kudula ndi kumaliza
■ kupirira dzimbiri
■ cholimba
■ kukhalitsa
Zigawo za granite ndizosavuta kuyeretsa.Popanga mapangidwe achikhalidwe, onetsetsani kuti mwasankha granite chifukwa cha zabwino zake zapamwamba.

MAFUNSO / ZOVALA KWAMBIRI APPLICATIONS
Granite yogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ZHHIMG pazinthu zathu zamba zapamtunda zili ndi ma quartz apamwamba kwambiri, omwe amapereka kukana kwambiri kuvala ndi kuwonongeka.Mitundu yathu ya Superior Black imakhala ndi mayamwidwe ochepa amadzi, zomwe zimachepetsa kuthekera kwakuti geji yanu imachita dzimbiri mukamayika mbale.Mitundu ya granite yoperekedwa ndi ZHHIMG imapangitsa kuti pakhale kuwala kochepa, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti maso amachepa kwa anthu omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mbale.Tasankha mitundu yathu ya granite pamene tikuganizira za kukula kwa matenthedwe pofuna kuchepetsa mbaliyi.

ZOCHITIKA ZOFUNA
Ntchito yanu ikafuna mbale yokhala ndi mawonekedwe ake, zoyikapo ulusi, mipata kapena makina ena, mudzafuna kusankha zinthu ngati Black Jinan Black.Zinthu zachilengedwezi zimapereka kuuma kopambana, kugwedera kwabwino kwambiri, komanso kuwongolera bwino.

2. Ndi mtundu wanji wa granite wabwino kwambiri?

Ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti mtundu wokha si chizindikiro cha makhalidwe akuthupi a mwala.Nthawi zambiri, mtundu wa granite umagwirizana mwachindunji ndi kukhalapo kapena kusowa kwa mchere, zomwe sizingakhale ndi zotsatira pamikhalidwe yomwe imapanga zinthu zabwino zapambale.Pali ma granite apinki, otuwa, ndi akuda omwe ndi abwino kwambiri pama mbale apamtunda, komanso ma graniti akuda, otuwa, ndi apinki omwe sali oyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito mwatsatanetsatane.Makhalidwe ofunikira a granite, monga momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito ngati mbale yapamtunda, alibe chochita ndi mtundu, ndipo ndi awa:
■ Kuuma (kupatuka pansi pa katundu - kumasonyezedwa ndi Modulus of Elasticity)
■ Kuuma
■ Kuchulukana
■ Kukana kuvala
■ Kukhazikika
■ Porosity

Tayesa zida zambiri za granite ndikuyerekeza zinthuzi.Pomaliza timapeza zotsatira zake, Jinan wakuda granite ndiye zinthu zabwino kwambiri zomwe tidazidziwapo.Indian Black granite ndi South African granite ndi ofanana Jinan Black Mwala, koma katundu wawo ndi zochepa kuposa Jinan Black Mwala.ZHHIMG ipitiliza kuyang'ana zinthu zambiri za granite padziko lapansi ndikufanizira mawonekedwe awo.

Kuti mulankhule zambiri za granite yomwe ili yoyenera pulojekiti yanu, chonde titumizireniinfo@zhhimg.com.

3. Kodi pali muyezo wamakampani wotsimikizira kulondola kwa mbale?

Opanga osiyanasiyana amagwiritsa ntchito miyezo yosiyana.Pali miyezo yambiri padziko lapansi.
DIN Standard, ASME B89.3.7-2013 kapena Federal Specification GGG-P-463c (Granite Surface Plates) ndi zina zotero monga maziko a mafotokozedwe awo.

Ndipo titha kupanga mbale zoyendera bwino za granite malinga ndi zomwe mukufuna.Takulandirani kuti mutitumizireni ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za mfundo zambiri.

4. Kodi kutsetsereka kwa mbale kumatanthauzidwa bwanji ndikufotokozedwa bwanji?

Kutsika kumatha kuonedwa ngati mfundo zonse zomwe zili pamtunda zomwe zili mkati mwa ndege ziwiri zofanana, ndege yoyambira ndi ndege yapadenga.Kuyeza kwa mtunda pakati pa ndege ndi kuphwanyika konse kwa pamwamba.Muyezo wa flatness uwu nthawi zambiri umakhala wololera ndipo ungaphatikizepo chizindikiro.

Mwachitsanzo, kulolerana kwa flatness kwa magiredi atatu okhazikika kumatanthauzidwa muzolemba za federal monga momwe zimakhalira ndi njira iyi:
■ Gulu la Laboratory AA = (40 + diagonal squared/25) x .000001" (umodzi)
■ Kuyendera Gulu A = Gawo la Laboratory AA x 2
■ Chipinda cha Chida B = Laboratory Giredi AA x 4.

Kwa mbale zokhazikika zapamtunda, timatsimikizira kulolerana kwa flatness komwe kumapitilira zomwe zimafunikira.Kuphatikiza pa flatness, ASME B89.3.7-2013 & Federal Specification GGG-P-463c adiresi mitu monga: kubwereza muyeso kulondola, katundu wa zinthu za granite pamwamba mbale, pamwamba mapeto, malo thandizo, kuuma, njira zovomerezeka zoyendera, kukhazikitsa zolowetsa ulusi, etc.

ZHHIMG ma plates apamwamba a granite ndi ma plates oyendera ma granite amakwaniritsa kapena kupitilira zonse zomwe zafotokozedwa mwatsatanetsatane.Pakalipano, palibe tsatanetsatane wa ma angle a granite angles, kufanana, kapena master square.

Ndipo mutha kupeza mafomu amiyezo ina mkatiKOPERANI.

5. Kodi ndingachepetse bwanji kukalamba ndikutalikitsa moyo wa mbale yanga yapamwamba?

Choyamba, m’pofunika kuti mbaleyo ikhale yaukhondo.Fumbi la abrasive lopangidwa ndi mpweya nthawi zambiri ndilomwe limapangitsa kuti mbale iwonongeke kwambiri, chifukwa imakonda kulowa mu zidutswa za ntchito ndi malo okhudzana ndi magalasi.Chachiwiri, phimbani mbale yanu kuti muyiteteze ku fumbi ndi kuwonongeka.Moyo wa kuvala ukhoza kuwonjezedwa mwa kuphimba mbale pamene sikugwiritsidwa ntchito, potembenuza mbale nthawi ndi nthawi kuti malo amodzi asagwiritsidwe ntchito mopitirira muyeso, ndikusintha zitsulo zolumikizana ndi zitsulo pa gauging ndi mapepala a carbide.Komanso, pewani kuika chakudya kapena zakumwa zoziziritsa kukhosi pa mbale.Dziwani kuti zakumwa zoziziritsa kukhosi zambiri zimakhala ndi carbonic kapena phosphoric acid, zomwe zimatha kusungunula mchere wofewa ndikusiya maenje ang'onoang'ono pamwamba.

6. Kodi ndiyenera kuyeretsa kangati mbale yanga?

Izi zimatengera momwe mbale ikugwiritsidwira ntchito.Ngati n'kotheka, timalimbikitsa kuyeretsa mbale kumayambiriro kwa tsiku (kapena kuntchito) komanso kumapeto.Ngati mbaleyo yadetsedwa, makamaka ndi zamadzimadzi zamafuta kapena zomata, iyenera kutsukidwa nthawi yomweyo.

Tsukani mbale nthawi zonse ndi madzi kapena ZHHIMG Zotsukira mbale zopanda madzi.Kusankha njira zoyeretsera ndikofunikira.Ngati chosungunulira chosasunthika chikugwiritsidwa ntchito (acetone, lacquer thinner, mowa, etc.) kutuluka kwa mpweya kumazizira pamwamba, ndikusokoneza.Pankhaniyi, ndikofunikira kulola mbale kuti ikhale yokhazikika musanagwiritse ntchito kapena zolakwika za muyeso zitha kuchitika.

Kuchuluka kwa nthawi yofunikira kuti mbale ikhale yokhazikika idzasiyana ndi kukula kwa mbale, ndi kuchuluka kwa kuzizira.Ola limodzi likhale lokwanira mbale zing'onozing'ono.Maola awiri angafunikire mbale zazikulu.Ngati chotsukira chotengera madzi chikugwiritsidwa ntchito, pamakhalanso kuzizira kowuka.

Mbaleyo imasunganso madzi, ndipo izi zingayambitse dzimbiri pazigawo zachitsulo zomwe zimalumikizana ndi pamwamba.Oyeretsa ena amasiyanso zotsalira zomata zikauma, zomwe zimakopa fumbi loyendetsedwa ndi mpweya, ndikuwonjezera kutha, m'malo mochepetsa.

cleaning-granite-surface-plate

7. Kodi mbale iyenera kusanjidwa kangati?

Izi zimatengera kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa mbale ndi chilengedwe.Tikupangira kuti mbale yatsopano kapena chowonjezera cholondola cha granite chilandire kukonzanso kwathunthu mkati mwa chaka chimodzi chogula.Ngati mbale ya granite idzagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, zingakhale bwino kuchepetsa nthawiyi mpaka miyezi isanu ndi umodzi.Kuwunika kwa mwezi ndi mwezi kwa zolakwika zobwerezabwereza pogwiritsa ntchito Electronic level, kapena chipangizo chofananacho chidzawonetsa mawanga aliwonse omwe akukulirakulira ndipo zimangotenga mphindi zochepa kuti zitheke.Zotsatira za kukonzanso koyamba zitsimikiziridwa, nthawi yosinthira imatha kukulitsidwa kapena kufupikitsidwa monga momwe zimaloledwa kapena kufunidwa ndi dongosolo lanu lamkati.

Titha kukupatsirani ntchito yokuthandizani kuyang'ana ndikuwongolera mbale yanu ya granite.

unnamed

 

8. Chifukwa chiyani mawerengero omwe amachitidwa pa mbale yanga akuwoneka kuti amasiyana?

Pali zifukwa zingapo zomwe zimapangitsa kusiyana pakati pa ma calibration:

  • Pamwamba pake adatsukidwa ndi yankho lotentha kapena lozizira musanayambe kuwongolera, ndipo sanaloledwe nthawi yokwanira yokhazikika.
  • Mbaleyo imathandizidwa molakwika
  • Kusintha kwa kutentha
  • Zolemba
  • Kuwala kwadzuwa kapena kutentha kwina pamwamba pa mbale.Onetsetsani kuti kuyatsa pamwamba sikutenthetsa pamwamba
  • Kusiyanasiyana kwa kutentha kowongoka pakati pa dzinja ndi chilimwe (Ngati n’kotheka, dziwani kutentha kowongoka kolowera pa nthawi imene kusanja kumachitidwa.)
  • Mbale saloledwa nthawi yokwanira kuti normalize pambuyo katundu
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito molakwika zida zowunikira kapena kugwiritsa ntchito zida zosawerengeka
  • Kusintha kwapamtunda chifukwa cha mavalidwe
9. Mtundu wa Kulekerera

精度符号

10. Kodi mungapange mabowo otani pa granite yolondola?

Ndi mabowo amtundu wanji pa granite yolondola?

holes on granite

11. Mipata pa Precision Granite Components

Mipata pa Precision Granite Components

slots on granite_副本

12. Sungani Mbale Zapamwamba za Granite mwatsatanetsatane kwambiri--- Zosinthidwa Nthawi ndi Nthawi

Kwa mafakitale ambiri, zipinda zoyendera ndi ma labotale, mbale zolondola za granite zimadaliridwa ngati maziko a kuyeza kolondola.Chifukwa mulingo uliwonse wamzera umadalira malo olondola omwe amatengera miyeso yomaliza, ma plates apamtunda amapereka ndege yabwino kwambiri yowunikira ntchito ndi masanjidwe a ntchito asanayambe kupanga.Ndiwo maziko abwino opangira miyeso ya kutalika ndi malo owonera.Kuphatikiza apo, kukhazikika kwakukulu, kukhazikika, mtundu wonse ndi kapangidwe kake zimawapangitsa kukhala chisankho chabwino chokweza makina apamwamba kwambiri, zamagetsi ndi zowonera.Panjira iliyonse yoyezera iyi, m'pofunika kuti ma plates asamayende bwino.

Bwerezani Miyeso ndi Kuphwasuka

Zonse ziwiri za flatness ndi kubwereza miyeso ndizofunikira kwambiri kuti zitsimikizidwe kuti pamwamba pakhale bwino.Kutsika kumatha kuonedwa ngati mfundo zonse zomwe zili pamtunda zomwe zili mkati mwa ndege ziwiri zofanana, ndege yoyambira ndi ndege yapadenga.Kuyeza kwa mtunda pakati pa ndege ndi kuphwanyika konse kwa pamwamba.Muyezo wa flatness uwu nthawi zambiri umakhala wololera ndipo ungaphatikizepo chizindikiro.

Kulekerera kwa flatness kwa magiredi atatu okhazikika kumatanthauzidwa mu federal specification monga momwe zimakhalira ndi njira iyi:

DIN Standard, GB Standard, ASME Standard, JJS muyezo... mayiko osiyanasiyana okhala ndi maimidwe osiyanasiyana...

Zambiri za standard.

Kuphatikiza pa flatness, kubwerezabwereza kuyenera kutsimikiziridwa.Muyeso wobwereza ndi muyeso wa madera akuphwanyika.Ndilo muyeso womwe umatengedwa paliponse pamwamba pa mbale yomwe idzabwerezedwa mkati mwa kulolerana komwe kunanenedwa.Kuwongolera kusalala kwa malo kuti asaloledwe mokulirapo kuposa kuphwanyidwa kwathunthu kumatsimikizira kusintha kwapang'onopang'ono kwa mawonekedwe amtundu wapansi, potero kumachepetsa zolakwika zamderalo.

Pofuna kuwonetsetsa kuti mbale ya pamwamba ikukumana ndi kusalala komanso kubwereza kayezedwe kake, opanga ma plates a pamwamba pa granite ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito Federal Specification GGG-P-463c ngati maziko ofotokozera.Muyezo uwu umatsimikizira kulondola kwa kuyeza kobwerezabwereza, zinthu zamtengo wapatali za granite pamwamba, kutsirizika kwa pamwamba, malo othandizira, kuuma, njira zovomerezeka zoyendera ndikuyika zoyikapo ulusi.

Chovala cham'mwamba chisanavalidwe mopitilira muyeso kuti chikhale chophwanyika, chimawonetsa zomata kapena zopindika.Kuwunika kwa mwezi ndi mwezi kwa zolakwika zobwerezabwereza pogwiritsa ntchito geji yowerengera kubwereza kudzazindikira mawanga.Kubwereza kuwerengera gage ndi chida cholondola kwambiri chomwe chimazindikira zolakwika za m'deralo ndipo chimatha kuwonetsedwa pamagetsi amplifier apamwamba kwambiri.

Kuwona Kulondola Kwambale

Potsatira malangizo ochepa osavuta, ndalama zamtengo wapatali za granite ziyenera kukhala zaka zambiri.Kutengera ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka mbale, malo ogulitsira komanso kulondola komwe kumafunikira, kuwunika pafupipafupi kwa mbale kumasiyanasiyana.Lamulo lodziwika bwino ndiloti mbale yatsopano ilandire kukonzanso kwathunthu mkati mwa chaka chimodzi itagulidwa.Ngati mbale ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi, ndikofunikira kufupikitsa nthawiyi mpaka miyezi isanu ndi umodzi.

Chovala cham'mwamba chisanavalidwe mopitilira muyeso kuti chikhale chophwanyika, chimawonetsa zomata kapena zopindika.Kuwunika kwa mwezi uliwonse kwa zolakwika zobwerezabwereza pogwiritsa ntchito gage yowerengera kubwereza kudzazindikira mawanga.Kubwereza kuwerengera gage ndi chida cholondola kwambiri chomwe chimazindikira zolakwika za m'deralo ndipo chimatha kuwonetsedwa pamagetsi amplifier apamwamba kwambiri.

Dongosolo loyendera bwino liyenera kuphatikizira kuyang'ana pafupipafupi ndi makina opangira makina opangira makina, kupereka kuwongolera kwenikweni kwa flatness komwe kungathe kutsata National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).Kuwongolera kokwanira ndi wopanga kapena kampani yodziyimira pawokha ndikofunikira nthawi ndi nthawi.

Kusiyana Pakati pa Calibrations

Nthawi zina, pali kusiyana pakati pa ma calibration a plate plate.Nthawi zina zinthu monga kusintha kwa pamwamba chifukwa cha kuvala, kugwiritsa ntchito molakwika zida zowunikira kapena kugwiritsa ntchito zida zosawerengeka zimatha kuyambitsa kusiyanasiyana kumeneku.Zinthu ziwiri zofala kwambiri, komabe, ndi kutentha ndi chithandizo.

Chimodzi mwa zinthu zofunika kwambiri ndi kutentha.Mwachitsanzo, pamwamba pakhoza kutsukidwa ndi madzi otentha kapena ozizira asanayambe kuwongolera ndipo saloledwa nthawi yokwanira kuti ikhale yokhazikika.Zomwe zimayambitsa kusintha kwa kutentha ndi monga kuzizira kapena kutentha kwa mpweya, kuwala kwa dzuwa, kuyatsa pamwamba kapena magwero ena a kutentha pamwamba pa mbale.

Pakhoza kukhalanso kusintha kwa kutentha koyima pakati pa dzinja ndi chilimwe.Nthawi zina, mbale saloledwa nthawi yokwanira kuti ikhale yokhazikika pambuyo potumiza.Ndibwino kuti mujambule kutentha kwa gradient yowongoka panthawi yomwe kusanja kumachitidwa.

Chifukwa china chofala cha kusintha kwa ma calibration ndi mbale yomwe imathandizidwa molakwika.Chophimba chapamwamba chiyenera kuthandizidwa pa mfundo zitatu, zomwe zili bwino 20% ya kutalika kuchokera kumapeto kwa mbaleyo.Zothandizira ziwiri ziyenera kukhala 20% m'lifupi mwake kuchokera kumbali zazitali, ndipo chotsaliracho chiyenera kukhala chapakati.

Mfundo zitatu zokha zingakhazikike molimba pa chilichonse koma pamwamba pake.Kuyesera kuthandizira mbale pa mfundo zoposa zitatu kumapangitsa kuti mbaleyo ilandire chithandizo kuchokera kumagulu osiyanasiyana a mfundo zitatu, zomwe sizidzakhala zofanana ndi zitatu zomwe zinathandizidwa panthawi yopanga.Izi zidzayambitsa zolakwika pamene mbale ikupotoza kuti igwirizane ndi dongosolo latsopano lothandizira.Ganizirani kugwiritsa ntchito zitsulo zoyimira zitsulo zokhala ndi zitsulo zothandizira kuti zigwirizane ndi mfundo zothandizira.Zoyimirira pazifukwa izi nthawi zambiri zimapezeka kuchokera kwa opanga mbale.

Ngati mbaleyo imathandizidwa bwino, kuwongolera bwino ndikofunikira pokhapokha ngati pulogalamuyo ifotokoza.Kuwongolera sikofunikira kuti mbaleyo ikhale yolondola.

Ndikofunika kuti mbale ikhale yaukhondo.Fumbi lokhala ndi mpweya nthawi zambiri ndilomwe limang'ambika kwambiri pa mbale, chifukwa limakonda kulowa muzinthu zogwirira ntchito komanso malo olumikizana ndi geji.Phimbani mbale kuti muwateteze ku fumbi ndi kuwonongeka.Moyo wa kuvala ukhoza kuwonjezedwa mwa kuphimba mbale pamene sukugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Wonjezerani Plate Life

Kutsatira malangizo ochepa kumachepetsa kuvala pa granite pamwamba pa mbale ndipo pamapeto pake, kukulitsa moyo wake.

Choyamba, m’pofunika kuti mbaleyo ikhale yaukhondo.Fumbi lokhala ndi mpweya nthawi zambiri ndilomwe limang'ambika kwambiri pa mbale, chifukwa limakonda kulowa muzinthu zogwirira ntchito komanso malo olumikizana ndi geji.

M'pofunikanso kuphimba mbale kuteteza fumbi ndi kuwonongeka.Moyo wa kuvala ukhoza kuwonjezedwa mwa kuphimba mbale pamene sukugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Sinthani mbale nthawi ndi nthawi kuti malo amodzi asagwiritse ntchito mopitirira muyeso.Komanso, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti m'malo zitsulo kukhudzana ziyangoyango pa gauging ndi ziyangoyango carbide.

Pewani kuika chakudya kapena zakumwa zoziziritsa kukhosi pa mbale.Zakumwa zoziziritsa kukhosi zambiri zimakhala ndi carbonic kapena phosphoric acid, zomwe zimatha kusungunula mchere wofewa ndikusiya maenje ang'onoang'ono pamwamba.

Komwe Mungabwererenso

Pamene mbale ya granite ikufunika kupangidwanso, ganizirani ngati izi zidzachitikira pamalopo kapena pamalo okonzera.Nthawi zonse zimakhala bwino kuti mbaleyo ibwerezedwe ku fakitale kapena malo odzipereka.Komabe, ngati mbaleyo siinavalidwe moyipa kwambiri, nthawi zambiri mkati mwa 0.001 inchi ya kulekerera kofunikira, imatha kubwerezedwanso patsamba.Ngati mbale yavala mpaka kupitirira 0.001 inchi chifukwa cha kulolerana, kapena ngati yabowoledwa moyipa kapena yokhomedwa, iyenera kutumizidwa kufakitale kuti igayidwe isanabwerenso.

Malo opangira ma calibration ali ndi zida ndi mawonekedwe afakitale omwe amapereka mikhalidwe yabwino yosinthira mbale ndikukonzanso ngati kuli kofunikira.

Kusamala kwambiri kuyenera kuchitidwa posankha katswiri wowongolera ndi kukonzanso malo.Funsani kuvomerezeka ndikuwonetsetsa kuti zida zomwe katswiri azigwiritsa ntchito zili ndi mawerengedwe owerengeka.Kudziwa nakonso ndichinthu chofunikira, chifukwa zimatenga zaka zambiri kuti muphunzire kulumikiza molondola granite.

Miyezo yovuta imayamba ndi mbale ya granite yolondola ngati yoyambira.Poonetsetsa kuti pali malo odalirika pogwiritsa ntchito mbale yoyezera bwino, opanga ali ndi chimodzi mwa zida zofunika zoyezera zodalirika komanso zigawo zabwinoko.Q

Mndandanda wa Zosintha za Calibration

1. Pamwamba pake adatsukidwa ndi madzi otentha kapena ozizira musanayambe kuwongolera ndipo saloledwa nthawi yokwanira kuti ikhale yokhazikika.

2. Mbaleyo imathandizidwa molakwika.

3. Kusintha kwa kutentha.

4. Zolemba.

5. Kuwala kwadzuwa kapena kutentha kwina pamwamba pa mbale.Onetsetsani kuti kuyatsa pamwamba sikutenthetsa pamwamba.

6. Kusiyanasiyana kwa kutentha kwapakati pa nyengo yachisanu ndi chilimwe.Ngati ndi kotheka, dziwani kutentha kwa gradient panthawi yomwe ma calibration akuchitidwa.

7. Plate saloledwa nthawi yokwanira kuti ikhale yokhazikika pambuyo potumiza.

8. Kugwiritsa ntchito molakwika zida zowunikira kapena kugwiritsa ntchito zida zopanda malire.

9. Kusintha kwa nkhope chifukwa cha mavalidwe.

Malangizo aukadaulo

  • Chifukwa mulingo uliwonse wamzera umadalira malo olondola omwe amatengera miyeso yomaliza, ma plates apamtunda amapereka ndege yabwino kwambiri yowunikira ntchito ndi masanjidwe a ntchito asanayambe kupanga.
  • Kuwongolera kusalala kwa malo kuti asaloledwe mokulirapo kuposa kuphwanyidwa kwathunthu kumatsimikizira kusintha kwapang'onopang'ono kwa mawonekedwe amtundu wapansi, potero kumachepetsa zolakwika zamderalo.
  • Dongosolo loyang'anira bwino liyenera kuphatikizira kuyang'ana pafupipafupi ndi makina opangira makina, kuwonetsetsa kupendekera kwenikweni komwe kungatsatike ku National Inspection Authority.
13. N'chifukwa Chiyani Ma Granite Ali ndi Maonekedwe Ambiri Ndi Kuuma Kosiyana?

Pakati pa mineral particles omwe amapanga granite, oposa 90% ndi feldspar ndi quartz, omwe feldspar ndi ambiri.Feldspar nthawi zambiri imakhala yoyera, imvi, ndi yofiira, ndipo quartz nthawi zambiri imakhala yopanda mtundu kapena imvi yoyera, yomwe imapanga mtundu woyambirira wa granite.Feldspar ndi quartz ndi mchere wovuta, ndipo zimakhala zovuta kusuntha ndi mpeni wachitsulo.Ponena za mawanga amdima mu granite, makamaka mica yakuda, palinso mchere wina.Ngakhale kuti biotite ndi yofewa, mphamvu yake yokana kupsinjika maganizo si yofooka, ndipo panthawi imodzimodziyo imakhala ndi granite yochepa, nthawi zambiri imakhala yosachepera 10%.Umu ndi momwe granite imakhala yolimba kwambiri.

Chifukwa china chomwe granite imakhala yolimba ndikuti tinthu tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tating'ono tambiri tima timangirirana.Ma pores nthawi zambiri amakhala osakwana 1% ya mphamvu yonse ya thanthwe.Izi zimapereka granite mphamvu yolimbana ndi zitsenderezo zamphamvu ndipo sizimalowetsedwa mosavuta ndi chinyezi.

14. Ubwino wa zigawo za granite ndi gawo la ntchito

Zigawo za granite zimapangidwa ndi miyala yopanda dzimbiri, asidi ndi kukana kwa alkali, kukana kuvala bwino komanso moyo wautali wautumiki, palibe kukonza kwapadera.Zigawo zolondola za granite zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga zida zamakina.Chifukwa chake, amatchedwa zigawo zolondola za granite kapena zigawo za granite.Makhalidwe a zigawo zolondola za granite kwenikweni ndi zofanana ndi za nsanja za granite.Chiyambi cha zida ndi kuyeza kwa zigawo zolondola za granite: Makina olondola komanso ukadaulo wa makina ang'onoang'ono ndi njira zofunika kwambiri zachitukuko chamakampani opanga makina, ndipo zakhala chizindikiro chofunikira kuyeza mulingo wapamwamba kwambiri.Kukula kwaukadaulo wotsogola komanso chitetezo chamakampani sikungasiyanitsidwe ndi makina olondola komanso ukadaulo wa micro-machining.Zigawo za granite zimatha kugwedezeka bwino muyeso, popanda kuyimirira.Kuyeza kwapamtunda kwa ntchito, kukwapula wamba sikukhudza kulondola kwa kuyeza.Zida za granite ziyenera kupangidwa ndikupangidwa molingana ndi zofunikira za mbali yofunikira.

Ntchito yofunsira:

Monga tonse tikudziwira makina ndi zida zochulukirachulukira zikusankha zida za granite mwatsatanetsatane.

Zigawo za granite zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamayendedwe osunthika, ma motors liniya, cmm, cnc, makina a laser ...

talandirani kuti mutiuze zambiri.

15. Ubwino wa zida za granite zolondola ndi zida za granite

Zida zoyezera za granite ndi zida zamakina a granite zimapangidwa ndipamwamba kwambiri Jinan Black granite.Chifukwa cha kulondola kwambiri, nthawi yayitali, kukhazikika kwabwino komanso kukana kwa dzimbiri, akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito mochulukira pakuwunika kwamakampani amakono komanso malo asayansi monga mlengalenga wamakina ndi kafukufuku wasayansi.

 

Ubwino wake

-Kawiri ngati chitsulo chonyezimira;

---- Kusintha pang'ono kwa gawo kumachitika chifukwa cha kusintha kwa kutentha;

---- Zopanda makwinya, kotero palibe kusokoneza ntchito;

---- Zopanda ma burrs kapena zotuluka chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake kambewu kakang'ono komanso kumamatira kopanda pake, komwe kumatsimikizira kukhazikika kwapamwamba pa moyo wautali wautumiki ndipo sikuwononga mbali zina kapena zida;

-----Kupanda mavuto kugwiritsa ntchito maginito;

---- Moyo wautali komanso wopanda dzimbiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale ndalama zochepa zokonzekera.

16. Mawonekedwe a makina a granite ogwirizanitsa makina oyezera cmm

Matabwa olondola a granite amapangidwa molunjika mpaka kumtunda kwapamwamba kwambiri kuti akwaniritse zolondola ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati maziko opangira makina apamwamba kwambiri, zamagetsi ndi zamagetsi.

Zina mwazinthu zapadera za mbale ya granite:

Kufanana mu Kuuma;

Zolondola pansi pa katundu Mikhalidwe;

Kugwedera Absorbent;

Zosavuta Kuyeretsa;

Kukulunga Kugonjetsedwa;

Low Porosity;

Zosasokoneza;

Zopanda Magnetic

17. Ubwino wa Granite Surface Plate

Ubwino wa Granite Surface Plate

Choyamba, thanthwe patapita nthawi yaitali kukalamba zachilengedwe, yunifolomu dongosolo, coefficient osachepera, kupsyinjika mkati kwathunthu kutha, osati opunduka, kotero mwatsatanetsatane ndi mkulu.

 

Chachiwiri, sipadzakhala zokopa, osati pansi pa kutentha kwanthawi zonse, kutentha kwa chipinda kungathenso kusunga kulondola kwa kuyeza kwa kutentha.

 

Chachitatu, osati magnetization, muyeso ukhoza kukhala wosalala kuyenda, palibe creaky kumverera, osakhudzidwa ndi chinyezi, ndegeyo anakonza.

 

Chachinayi, kulimba ndi kwabwino, kuuma ndikwapamwamba, kukana kwa abrasion kuli kolimba.

 

Zisanu, osawopa asidi, kukokoloka zamchere madzi, sadzakhala dzimbiri, alibe penti mafuta, zovuta zomata yaying'ono fumbi, kukonza, zosavuta kusamalira, moyo wautali utumiki.

18. Chifukwa chiyani musankhe maziko a granite m'malo mwa bedi la makina achitsulo?

Chifukwa chiyani musankhe maziko a granite m'malo mwa bedi la makina achitsulo?

1. Makina a granite amatha kukhala olondola kwambiri kuposa makina opangira chitsulo.makina achitsulo otayira amakhudzidwa mosavuta ndi kutentha ndi chinyezi koma makina a granite sangatero;

 

2. Ndi kukula kofanana kwa maziko a makina a granite ndi maziko achitsulo, makina a granite ndi okwera mtengo kuposa chitsulo choponyedwa;

 

3. Makina apadera a granite ndi osavuta kumalizidwa kuposa makina opangira chitsulo.

19. Momwe Mungasankhire Mbale Zapamwamba za Granite?

Ma plates a granite ndi zida zofunika kwambiri pakuwunika ma lab m'dziko lonselo.Malo oyezera, ophwanyika kwambiri a mbale yapamwamba imathandizira oyendera kuzigwiritsa ntchito ngati poyambira pakuwunika ndikusintha zida.Popanda kukhazikika koperekedwa ndi mbale zapamtunda, mbali zambiri zololera mwamphamvu m'magawo osiyanasiyana aukadaulo ndi zamankhwala zikanakhala zovuta kwambiri, kapena zosatheka, kupanga molondola.Inde, kuti mugwiritse ntchito chipika cha granite kuti muyese ndi kuyang'ana zipangizo zina ndi zida, kulondola kwa granite palokha kuyenera kuyesedwa.Ogwiritsa ntchito amatha kuwongolera mbale ya granite kuti atsimikizire kulondola kwake.

Tsukani mbale ya pamwamba pa granite isanayike.Thirani pang'ono chotsukira mbale pamwamba pa nsalu yoyera, yofewa ndikupukuta pamwamba pa granite.Yamitsani nthawi yomweyo chotsukira pamwamba pa mbale ndi nsalu youma.Musalole kuti madzi oyeretsera aziuma.

Ikani choyezera chobwereza pakatikati pa mbale ya granite.

Zironso kuyeza kobwerezabwereza pamwamba pa mbale ya granite.

Sunthani choyezera pang'onopang'ono kudutsa pamwamba pa granite.Yang'anani chizindikiro cha geji ndikujambulitsa nsonga za masinthidwe aliwonse a utali pamene mukusuntha chida pa mbale.

Yerekezerani kusinthasintha kwa flatness pamwamba pa mbale ndi kulolerana kwa mbale yanu ya pamwamba, yomwe imasiyana malinga ndi kukula kwa mbale ndi granite.Fufuzani malamulo a boma GGG-P-463c (onani Zothandizira) kuti muwone ngati mbale yanu ikukwaniritsa zofunikira pakukula kwake ndi giredi.Kusiyanitsa pakati pa malo apamwamba kwambiri pa mbale ndi malo otsika kwambiri pa mbale ndi kuyeza kwake kwa flatness.

Onetsetsani kuti kusiyanasiyana kwakukulu kwambiri pamwamba pa mbaleyo kugwera mkati mwa kubwerezabwereza kwa mbale ya kukula kwake ndi girediyo.Onani zambiri za boma GGG-P-463c (onani Zothandizira) kuti muwone ngati mbale yanu ikukwaniritsa zofunika kubwereza kukula kwake.Kukana mbale pamwamba ngati ngakhale mfundo imodzi ikulephera repeatability zofunika.

Lekani kugwiritsa ntchito mbale ya granite yomwe ikulephera kukwaniritsa zofunikira za federal.Bweretsani mbale kwa wopanga kapena kukampani ya granite kuti chipikacho chipulitsidwenso kuti chikwaniritse zofunikira.

 

Langizo

Chitani ma calibrations ovomerezeka kamodzi pachaka, ngakhale mbale za granite zomwe zikuwona kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ziyenera kusinthidwa pafupipafupi.

Mawerengedwe ovomerezeka, ojambulidwa m'malo opangira kapena oyendera nthawi zambiri amachitidwa ndi chitsimikizo chaubwino kapena ogulitsa ntchito zoyezera kunja, ngakhale aliyense atha kugwiritsa ntchito sikelo yobwerezabwereza kuti ayang'ane mbale yapamtunda asanaigwiritse ntchito.

20. Kuyesa kwa Granite Pamwamba Pamwamba

Mbiri Yoyambirira ya Mapepala a Granite Surface

Nkhondo Yachiwiri Yapadziko Lonse isanachitike, Opanga adagwiritsa ntchito Steel Surface Plates powunika magawo.Panthawi ya nkhondo yachiwiri ya padziko lonse, kufunika kwa zitsulo kunakula kwambiri, ndipo mbale zambiri za Steel Surface Plate zinasungunuka.Cholowa m'malo chinafunikira, ndipo Granite idakhala chinthu chosankhidwa chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake apamwamba a metrological.

Ubwino wambiri wa granite kuposa zitsulo unawonekera.Granite ndi yolimba, ngakhale imakhala yolimba kwambiri komanso imatha kudulidwa.Mutha kulumikiza Granite kuti ikhale yosalala kwambiri komanso mwachangu kuposa chitsulo.Granite imakhalanso ndi katundu wofunikira wa kuwonjezereka kwa kutentha kochepa poyerekeza ndi chitsulo.Komanso, ngati mbale yachitsulo ikufunika kukonzedwa, inkafunika kupakulitsidwa pamanja ndi amisiri amene anagwiritsanso ntchito luso lawo pomanganso makina.

Monga cholembera cham'mbali, mbale zina za Steel Surface Plate zikugwiritsidwabe ntchito lero.

Makhalidwe a Metrological of Granite Plates

Granite ndi mwala woyaka moto wopangidwa ndi kuphulika kwa mapiri.Poyerekeza, marble ndi miyala ya miyala ya metamorphosed.Pakugwiritsa ntchito metrology, granite yosankhidwa iyenera kukwaniritsa zofunikira zomwe zafotokozedwa mu Federal Specification GGG-P-463c, kuyambira pano yotchedwa Fed Specs, ndipo makamaka, Gawo 3.1 3.1 Pakati pa Fed Specs, granite iyenera kukhala yabwino mpaka yapakati-grained kapangidwe.

Granite ndi zinthu zolimba, koma kuuma kwake kumasiyana pazifukwa zingapo.Katswiri wodziwa bwino mbale za granite amatha kuyerekeza kuuma kwake ndi mtundu wake womwe ukuwonetsa zomwe zili mu quartz.Kuuma kwa granite ndi chinthu chomwe chimatanthauzidwa mwa gawo ndi kuchuluka kwa quartz komanso kusowa kwa mica.Ma granite ofiira ndi apinki amakhala ovuta kwambiri, imvi ndi yapakati, ndipo zakuda ndizofewa kwambiri.

Young's Modulus of Elasticity amagwiritsidwa ntchito kusonyeza kusinthasintha kapena kusonyeza kuuma kwa mwala.Pinki granite pafupifupi 3-5 mfundo pa sikelo, imvi 5-7 mfundo ndi wakuda 7-10 mfundo.Chiwerengero chochepa, granite imakhala yolimba kwambiri.Kukula kwa chiwerengerocho, ndi granite yofewa komanso yosinthika kwambiri.Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuuma kwa Granite posankha makulidwe ofunikira pakulolera magiredi ndi kulemera kwa magawo ndi ma geji omwe adayikidwapo.

M'masiku akale pamene panali akatswiri okonza makina enieni, odziwika ndi timabuku tating'onoting'ono ta tebulo m'matumba awo a malaya, granite yakuda inkaonedwa kuti ndi "Yabwino Kwambiri."Zabwino kwambiri zimatanthauzidwa ngati mtundu womwe unapereka kukana kwambiri kuvala kapena kulimba.Chomwe chimapangitsa kuti ma granite olimba azitha kugunda mosavuta.Okonza makinawo anali otsimikiza kuti granite yakuda inali yabwino kwambiri moti ena opanga ma granite a pinki amawapaka utoto wakuda.

Ineyo ndawonapo mbale yomwe idatsitsidwa pa forklift itasunthidwa kuchokera kosungira.Mbaleyo inagunda pansi ndikugawanika pakati kuwonetsa mtundu weniweni wa pinki.Samalani ngati mukukonzekera kugula granite yakuda kuchokera ku China.Tikukulimbikitsani kuti muwononge ndalama zanu mwanjira ina.Mbale ya granite imatha kusiyanasiyana kuuma mkati mwawokha.Mzere wa quartz ukhoza kukhala wovuta kwambiri kuposa mbale yonse yapamtunda.Chosanjikiza cha black gabbro chingapangitse malo kukhala ofewa kwambiri.Akatswiri ophunzitsidwa bwino, odziwa bwino ntchito yokonza mbale amadziwa momwe angagwirire madera ofewa awa.

Maphunziro a Surface Plate

Pali mitundu inayi ya mbale zapamwamba.Gulu la Laboratory AA ndi A, Gulu Loyang'anira Malo B, ndipo lachinayi ndi Gulu la Workshop.AA ndi A a Giredi ndi osalala kwambiri okhala ndi kulekerera bwino kuposa 0.00001 mu mbale ya Giredi AA.Magulu ogwirira ntchito amakhala ochepa kwambiri ndipo monga dzina likunenera, amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'zipinda zopangira zida.Pomwe Giredi AA, Gulu A ndi Gulu B amapangidwira kuti azigwiritsidwa ntchito poyang'anira kapena kuwongolera labu.

PKuyesa kwa roper Kwa Kuyesa Kwapamwamba Kwambiri

Nthawi zonse ndakhala ndikuuza makasitomala anga kuti nditha kukokera mwana wazaka 10 kuchokera kutchalitchi changa ndikuwaphunzitsa m'masiku ochepa momwe angayesere mbale.Sizovuta.Pamafunika luso linalake kuti ntchitoyo igwire ntchito mwachangu, njira zomwe munthu amaphunzira panthawi komanso kubwerezabwereza.Ndiyenera kukudziwitsani, ndipo sindingathe kutsindika mokwanira, Fed Spec GGG-P-463c SI njira yosinthira!Zinanso pambuyo pake.

Kuwongolera kusalala kwathunthu (Mean Pane) ndi Kubwereza (kuvala komweko) ndikofunikira Molingana ndi Fed Specs.Chokhacho chokha pa izi ndi mbale zazing'ono zomwe kubwereza kumangofunika.

Komanso, komanso yovuta kwambiri ngati mayeso ena, ndikuyesa kwa ma gradient amafuta.(Onani Delta T pansipa)

Chithunzi 1

Kuyesa kwa Flatness kuli ndi njira 4 zovomerezeka.Miyezo yamagetsi, autocollimation, laser ndi chipangizo chodziwika kuti cholozera ndege.Timangogwiritsa ntchito magawo amagetsi chifukwa ndi njira yolondola komanso yofulumira kwambiri pazifukwa zingapo.

Ma lasers ndi autocollimators amagwiritsa ntchito kuwala kowongoka kwambiri ngati chowunikira.Mmodzi amapanga muyeso wowongoka wa mbale ya granite poyerekeza kusiyanasiyana kwakutali pakati pa mbale yapamtunda ndi kuwala kowala.Potenga kuwala kowongoka, kulimenya pa chandamale chowunikira kwinaku mukusuntha chandamale chowunikira pansi, mtunda wapakati pa mtengo womwe watulutsidwa ndi mtengo wobwerera ndi muyeso wowongoka.

Nali vuto ndi njira iyi.Zolinga ndi gwero zimakhudzidwa ndi kugwedezeka, kutentha kozungulira, chandamale chocheperako kapena chophwanyidwa, kuipitsidwa mumlengalenga, komanso kuyenda kwa mpweya (panopa).Zonsezi zimawonjezera zolakwika zina.Kuphatikiza apo, chopereka cha zolakwika za opareshoni kuchokera kumacheke okhala ndi autocollimator ndichokulirapo.

Wogwiritsa ntchito autocollimator wodziwa zambiri amatha kuyeza molondola kwambiri koma amakumanabe ndi zovuta pakuwerengera pafupipafupi makamaka pamipata yayitali chifukwa mawonekedwe ake amakula kapena kusawoneka bwino pang'ono.Komanso, chandamale chocheperako komanso kukhala ndi tsiku lalitali loyang'ana magalasi kumabweretsa zolakwika zina.

Chida cholozera ndege ndi chopusa basi.Chipangizochi chimagwiritsa ntchito mowongoka pang'ono (poyerekeza ndi kuwala kowongoka kwambiri kapena kuwala kwa laser) monga momwe amatchulira.Sikuti makina ogwiritsira ntchito makina amagwiritsa ntchito chizindikiro chodziwika bwino cha 20 u Inch kuthetsa koma kusawongoka kwa bar ndi zipangizo zosiyana zimawonjezera kwambiri zolakwika muyeso.M'malingaliro athu, ngakhale njirayo ndi yovomerezeka, palibe labu yoyenerera yomwe ingagwiritse ntchito chipangizo chowonera ndege ngati chida chomaliza choyendera.

Miyezo yamagetsi imagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu yokoka ngati kalozera wawo.Magawo osiyanasiyana amagetsi samakhudzidwa ndi kugwedezeka.Amakhala ndi chigamulo chotsika ngati .1 arc sekondi ndipo miyeso ndi yachangu, yolondola ndipo palibe chothandizira chochepa kwambiri cha zolakwika kuchokera kwa wodziwa zambiri.Palibe Ndege Locators kapena autocollimators kupereka makompyuta opangidwa topographical (Chithunzi 1) kapena isometric ziwembu (Chithunzi 2) pamwamba.

Chithunzi 2

 

 

Kuyenda Moyenera kwa Mayeso a Pamwamba

Kukhazikika koyenera kwa mayeso a pamwamba ndi gawo lofunikira kwambiri papepalali lomwe ndimayenera kuliyika poyambira.Monga tanena kale, Fed Spec.GGG-p-463c SI njira yosinthira.Imagwira ntchito ngati chiwongolero pazinthu zambiri za granite ya metrology grade yomwe wogula ndi Federal Government Agency iliyonse, ndipo imaphatikizapo njira zoyesera ndi kulolerana kapena magiredi.Ngati kontrakitala anena kuti amatsatira Fed Specs, mtengo wa flatness udzatsimikiziridwa ndi Moody Method.

Moody anali munthu wina wazaka za m'ma 50s yemwe adapanga njira ya masamu kuti adziwe kuphwanyidwa kwathunthu ndi kuwerengera kwa mizere yoyesedwa, kaya ikhale yoyandikana mokwanira mu ndege imodzi.Palibe chomwe chasintha.Allied Signal adayesa kukonza njira ya masamu koma adatsimikiza kuti kusiyana kwake kunali kochepa kwambiri sikunali koyenera kuyesetsa.

Ngati wokonza mbale akugwiritsa ntchito Electronic Levels kapena laser, amagwiritsa ntchito kompyuta kuti amuthandize kuwerengera.Popanda thandizo la kompyuta katswiri wogwiritsa ntchito autocollimation ayenera kuwerengera zowerengera ndi dzanja.Kunena zowona, iwo samatero.Zimatenga nthawi yayitali kwambiri ndipo kunena zoona zingakhale zovuta kwambiri.Pakuyesa kusalala pogwiritsa ntchito Njira ya Moody, katswiri amayesa mizere isanu ndi itatu pakusintha kwa Union Jack kuti awongoke.

Njira ya Moody

Njira ya Moody ndi njira ya masamu yodziwira ngati mizere isanu ndi itatu ili pa ndege imodzi.Kupanda kutero, mumangokhala ndi mizere 8 yowongoka yomwe ingakhale kapena kusakhala pafupi kapena pafupi ndi ndege yomweyo.Kuphatikiza apo, kontrakitala yemwe akuti amatsatira Fed Spec, ndipo amagwiritsa ntchito autocollimation,ayenerapanga masamba asanu ndi atatu a data.Tsamba limodzi pamzere uliwonse wofufuzidwa kuti atsimikizire kuyesa kwake, kukonza, kapena zonse ziwiri.Kupanda kutero, kontrakitala sadziwa kuti mtengo weniweni wa flatness ndi chiyani.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ngati ndinu m'modzi mwa omwe amawongolera mbale zanu ndi kontrakitala pogwiritsa ntchito autocollimation, simunawonepo masamba amenewo!Chithunzi 3 ndi chitsanzo chachimodzi chokhaTsamba lachisanu ndi chitatu lofunikira kuti muwerenge kusalala kwathunthu.Chizindikiro chimodzi cha umbuli ndi njiru ngati lipoti lanu lili ndi manambala abwino ozungulira.Mwachitsanzo, 200, 400, 650, ndi zina zotero. Mtengo wowerengedwa bwino ndi nambala yeniyeni.Mwachitsanzo 325.4 u In.Pamene kontrakitala akugwiritsa ntchito Njira ya Moody yowerengera, ndipo katswiri amawerengera pamanja, muyenera kulandira masamba asanu ndi atatu owerengera ndi chiwembu cha isometric.Chiwembu cha isometric chikuwonetsa kutalika kosiyanasiyana m'mizere yosiyana komanso kuchuluka kwa mtunda umalekanitsa malo osankhidwa.

Chithunzi 3(Pamafunika masamba asanu ndi atatu ngati awa kuti muwerengere kusalala pamanja. Onetsetsani kuti mukufunsa chifukwa chake simukupeza izi ngati kontrakitala wanu akugwiritsa ntchito autocollimation!)

 

Chithunzi 4

 

Akatswiri a Dimensional Gauge amagwiritsa ntchito milingo yosiyanitsira (Chithunzi 4) ngati zida zomwe amakonda kuyeza masinthidwe amphindi aang'ono kuchokera poyezera kupita kusiteshoni.Miyezoyo ili ndi chigamulo chotsika mpaka .1 arc masekondi (5 u mainchesi pogwiritsa ntchito 4″ sled) ndi okhazikika kwambiri, samakhudzidwa ndi kugwedezeka, mtunda woyezedwa, mafunde a mpweya, kutopa kwa ogwira ntchito, kuipitsidwa kwa mpweya kapena mavuto aliwonse omwe amapezeka pazida zina. .Onjezani thandizo la pakompyuta, ndipo ntchitoyi imakhala yofulumira, ndikupanga ziwembu zapamtunda ndi za isometric zomwe zimatsimikizira kutsimikizika komanso makamaka kukonza.

Mayeso Obwerezabwereza Oyenera

Kuwerenga mobwerezabwereza kapena kubwerezabwereza ndiloyeso lofunika kwambiri.Zida zomwe timagwiritsa ntchito poyesa kubwereza ndikubwereza kuwerenga, LVDT ndi amplifier yofunikira pakuwerenga kokwanira.Timayika amplifier ya LVDT kuti ikhale yosachepera 10 u mainchesi kapena 5 u mainchesi pama mbale olondola kwambiri.

Kugwiritsa ntchito chizindikiro cha makina okhala ndi ma mainchesi 20 okha ndikopanda phindu ngati mukuyesera kuyesa kubwereza kofunikira kwa 35 u mainchesi.Zizindikiro zili ndi kusatsimikizika kwa mainchesi 40!Kuwerenga kobwerezabwereza kumatengera masinthidwe amtali / gawo.

Kubwerezabwereza SIKUfanana ndi kutsika kwathunthu (Ndege Yokwanira).Ndimakonda kuganiza za kubwerezabwereza mu granite kumawoneka ngati muyeso wa radius wosasinthasintha.

Chithunzi 5

Taking Flatness Readings on Granite Surface Plates

Ngati muyesa kubwereza kwa mpira wozungulira, ndiye kuti mwawonetsa kuti mbali ya mpirayo siinasinthe.(Mbiri yabwino ya mbale yokonzedwa bwino imakhala ndi mawonekedwe opindika.) Komabe, zikuwonekeratu kuti mpirawo si wafulati.Chabwino, mtundu wa.Pamtunda waufupi kwambiri, ndi lathyathyathya.Popeza kuti ntchito zambiri zowunikira zimatengera malo otalikirapo pafupi ndi gawolo, kubwerezabwereza kumakhala chinthu chofunikira kwambiri pa mbale ya granite.Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti kusalala konsekonse pokhapokha wogwiritsa ntchito akuyang'ana kuwongoka kwa gawo lalitali.

Onetsetsani kuti kontrakitala wanu akuyesa kubwereza kuwerenga.Mbale imatha kuwerengedwanso mobwerezabwereza chifukwa cha kulolerana komabe ndikuyesa kuyesa kwa flatness!Chodabwitsa kuti labu imatha kulandira kuvomerezeka pakuyesa komwe sikuphatikiza mayeso obwerezabwereza.Labu yomwe singathe kukonza kapena si yabwino kwambiri pakukonza imakonda kuyesa kukhazikika kwa flatness kokha.Kusanja sikumasintha pokhapokha mutasuntha mbale.

Kubwereza kubwereza kuyesa ndikosavuta kuyesa koma kovuta kwambiri kuti mukwaniritse mukangopalasa.Onetsetsani kuti kontrakitala wanu akhoza kubwezeretsa kubwereza popanda "kutsuka" pamwamba kapena kusiya mafunde pamwamba.

Mayeso a Delta T

Kuyesaku kumaphatikizapo kuyeza kutentha kwamwala WOYERA pamwamba pake ndi pansi ndikuwerengera kusiyana kwake, Delta T, popereka lipoti pa satifiketi.

Ndikofunika kudziwa kuti kuchuluka kwa matenthedwe akuwonjezeka mu granite ndi 3.5 uIn/Inch/degree.Kutentha kozungulira ndi chinyezi chomwe chimakhudza mbale ya granite ndizosavomerezeka.Komabe, mbale yapamwamba imatha kulekerera kapena nthawi zina kusintha ngakhale mu .3 - .5 digiri F Delta T. Ndikoyenera kudziwa ngati Delta T ili mkati mwa .12 madigiri F pomwe kusiyana ndi kuwerengetsera komaliza. .

Ndikofunikiranso kudziwa kuti mbale zomwe zimagwirira ntchito zimasamukira ku kutentha.Ngati kutentha kwapamwamba kumakhala kotentha kuposa pansi, ndiye kuti pamwamba pake imatuluka.Ngati pansi kumakhala kotentha, komwe kumakhala kosowa, ndiye kuti pamwamba pake amamira.Sikokwanira kwa manejala wabwino kapena katswiri kudziwa kuti mbaleyo ndi yathyathyathya komanso yobwerezabwereza panthawi yoyeserera kapena kukonza koma zomwe Delta T inali panthawi yoyeserera komaliza.Pazovuta zomwe wogwiritsa ntchito amatha, poyeza Delta T yekha, kudziwa ngati mbale yatha chifukwa cha kusiyana kwa Delta T.Mwamwayi, granite imatenga maola ambiri kapena masiku kuti igwirizane ndi chilengedwe.Kusinthasintha kwakung'ono kwa kutentha kozungulira tsiku lonse sikungachitike.Pazifukwa izi, sitinena za kutentha kapena chinyezi chozungulira chifukwa zotsatira zake ndizochepa.

Granite Plate Wear

Ngakhale kuti granite ndi yolimba kuposa mbale zachitsulo, granite imapangabe madontho otsika pamwamba.Kusuntha mobwerezabwereza kwa magawo ndi ma gage pa mbale ya pamwamba ndiye gwero lalikulu kwambiri la kuvala, makamaka ngati malo omwewo akugwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zonse.Dothi ndi fumbi logaya zomwe zimaloledwa kukhala pamwamba pa mbale zimafulumizitsa njira yovala pamene imalowa pakati pa magawo kapena geji ndi pamwamba pa granite.Mukasuntha magawo ndi ma gage pamwamba pake, fumbi lopweteka nthawi zambiri limayambitsa kuvala kowonjezera.Ndidalimbikitsa kuyeretsa kosalekeza kuti muchepetse kuvala.Tawona kumavalidwe pama mbale obwera chifukwa cha phukusi la UPS tsiku lililonse lomwe limayikidwa pamwamba pa mbale!Malo omwe amavala amakhudza kuwerengera kwa ma calibration repeatability test.Pewani kuvala poyeretsa nthawi zonse.

Granite Plate Cleaning

Kuti mbale ikhale yoyera, gwiritsani ntchito nsalu yotchinga kuchotsa grit.Ingopanikizani mopepuka kwambiri, kuti musasiye zotsalira za guluu.Nsalu yogwiritsiridwa ntchito bwino imagwira ntchito yabwino kwambiri yonyamula fumbi logaya pakati pa kuyeretsa.Osagwira ntchito pamalo omwewo.Sunthani khwekhwe yanu mozungulira mbale, kugawira kuvala.Ndikwabwino kumwa mowa poyeretsa mbale, koma dziwani kuti kuchita izi kudzazizira kwambiri kwakanthawi.Madzi okhala ndi sopo pang'ono ndi abwino kwambiri.Zotsukira zomwe zimapezeka pamsika monga Starrett's zotsukira nazonso ndizabwino kugwiritsa ntchito, koma onetsetsani kuti zotsalira zonse za sopo zimachotsedwa.

Kukonza Mbale wa Granite

Zikuyenera kuonekeratu pakali pano kufunikira kotsimikizira kuti kontrakitala wanu wakumtunda akuwongolera bwino.Ma lab amtundu wa "Clearing House" omwe amapereka "Chitani zonse ndi foni imodzi" sakhala ndi katswiri yemwe amatha kukonza.Ngakhale atapereka kukonzanso, nthawi zonse sakhala ndi katswiri yemwe ali ndi chidziwitso chofunikira pamene mbale yapamwamba imakhala yosalolera.

Ngati anauzidwa mbale sangathe kukonzedwa chifukwa cha kuvala kwambiri, tiyimbireni.Mwachidziwikire tikhoza kupanga kukonza.

Tekinoloje yathu imagwira ntchito kwa chaka chimodzi mpaka chimodzi ndi theka pansi pa Master Surface Plate Technician.Timatanthauzira Master Surface Plate Technician ngati munthu amene wamaliza maphunziro awo ndipo ali ndi zaka zowonjezera khumi pakuwongolera ndi kukonza pa Surface Plate.Ife ku Dimensional Gauge tili ndi akatswiri atatu a Master Technicians omwe ali ndi zaka zopitilira 60 kuphatikiza.Mmodzi wa akatswiri athu aukadaulo amapezeka nthawi zonse kuti athandizidwe komanso kutitsogolera pakagwa zovuta.Akatswiri athu onse ali ndi chidziwitso pakuwongolera mbale zamitundu yonse, kuyambira zazing'ono mpaka zazikulu kwambiri, zachilengedwe zosiyanasiyana, mafakitale osiyanasiyana, komanso mavuto akulu amavalidwe.

Fed Specs ili ndi zofunikira zenizeni za 16 mpaka 64 Average Arithmetic Roughness (AA).Timakonda kumaliza mumitundu ya 30-35 AA.Pali roughness yokwanira kuwonetsetsa kuti magawo ndi magalasi akuyenda bwino komanso osamamatira kapena kupotoza pa mbale.

Tikakonza timayang'ana mbale kuti iwoneke bwino komanso kuti ikhale yosalala.Timagwiritsa ntchito njira yowuma, koma zikavala kwambiri zomwe zimafuna kuchotsedwa kwa granite, timanyowetsa zilombo.Amisiri athu amatsuka pambuyo pawo, ali otsimikiza, mwachangu komanso molondola.Izi ndizofunikira chifukwa mtengo wantchito ya mbale za granite umaphatikizapo nthawi yanu yocheperako komanso kutayika kopanga.Kukonza koyenera ndikofunikira kwambiri, ndipo musasankhe kontrakitala pamtengo kapena mosavuta.Ntchito zina zoyeserera zimafuna anthu ophunzitsidwa bwino.Ife tiri nazo izo.

Malipoti Omaliza Omaliza

Pakukonzekera kulikonse kwa mbale ndikuwongolera, timapereka malipoti atsatanetsatane aukadaulo.Malipoti athu ali ndi zambiri zofunikira komanso zofunikira.Mtengo wa Fed Spec.amafuna zambiri zomwe tapereka.Kupatula zomwe zili mumiyezo ina yabwino monga ISO/IEC-17025, Fed yocheperako.Zofotokozera za malipoti ndi:

  1. Kukula ku Ft.(X'x X')
  1. Mtundu
  2. Mawonekedwe (Sipamatanthawuza zotchingira zotchingira kapena mizere iwiri kapena inayi)
  3. Chiyerekezo cha Modulus of Elasticity
  4. Kulekerera kwa Ndege (Kutengera Gulu/Kukula)
  5. Kupirira kobwerezabwereza (Kumatsimikiziridwa ndi kutalika kwa diagonal mu mainchesi)
  6. Kutanthauza Ndege Monga Yapezeka
  7. Kutanthauza Ndege ngati kumanzere
  8. Bwerezani kuwerenga monga mwapeza
  9. Bwerezani kuwerenga monga kumanzere
  10. Delta T (Kusiyanitsa kwa kutentha pakati pa pamwamba ndi pansi)

Ngati katswiri ayenera kuchita lapping kapena kukonzanso kumtunda mbale, ndiye satifiketi calibration limodzi ndi topographical kapena isometric chiwembu kutsimikizira kukonza kovomerezeka.

Mawu Okhudza Kuvomerezeka kwa ISO/IEC-17025 ndi ma lab omwe ali nawo

Chifukwa chakuti labu ili ndi kuvomerezeka pakuwongolera mbale sizikutanthauza kuti amadziwa zomwe akuchita mocheperapo pakuzichita moyenera!Komanso sizikutanthauza kuti labu ikhoza kukonza.Mabungwe ovomerezeka samasiyanitsa pakati pa kutsimikizira kapena kuwongolera (kukonza).Andipo ndikudziwa imodzi, mwina2mabungwe ovomerezeka omwe angateroLtayiAriboni yozungulira galu wanga ndikawalipira ndalama zokwanira!Ndi mfundo yomvetsa chisoni.Ndawona ma lab akulandira kuvomerezeka poyesa mayeso amodzi mwa atatu omwe amafunikira.Komanso, ndawonapo ma lab kuvomerezedwa ndi kusatsimikizika kosadziwika ndikuvomerezedwa popanda umboni kapena chiwonetsero cha momwe adawerengera.Zonse ndi zatsoka.

Chidule

Simungapeputse udindo wa mbale za granite zolondola.Zomwe zili pansi zomwe mbale za granite zimapereka ndi maziko omwe mumapangira miyeso ina yonse.

Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito zida zoyezera zamakono kwambiri, zolondola komanso zosunthika kwambiri.Komabe, miyeso yolondola ndi yovuta kutsimikizira ngati malo owonetserako si athyathyathya.Nthawi ina, munthu wina woti adzakhale kasitomala anga anandiuza kuti, “Chabwino, ndi thanthwe basi!”Yankho langa, "Chabwino, mukulondola, ndipo simunganene kuti akatswiri abwera kudzasamalira mbale zanu."

Mtengo si chifukwa chabwino chosankha makontrakitala a mbale.Ogula, owerengera ndalama komanso akatswiri ambiri osokonekera samamvetsetsa nthawi zonse kuti kutsimikiziranso mbale za granite sikuli ngati kutsimikiziranso micrometer, caliper kapena DMM.

Zida zina zimafuna ukatswiri, osati mtengo wotsika.Titanena izi, mitengo yathu ndi yabwino kwambiri.Makamaka chifukwa chokhala ndi chidaliro kuti timagwira ntchito moyenera.Timapitilira ISO-17025 ndi Federal Specifications pamtengo wowonjezera.

21. Chifukwa Chimene Muyenera Kuwerengera Pamwamba Pamwamba Panu

Ma plates apamtunda ndiye maziko amiyezo yambiri, ndipo kusamalira bwino mbale yanu yapamtunda ndikofunikira kuti mutsimikizire kulondola kwake.

Granite ndiye chinthu chodziwika kwambiri chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pama mbale apamwamba chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake abwino, monga kuuma kwapamtunda komanso kutsika kwapang'onopang'ono kusinthasintha kwa kutentha.Komabe, ndikugwiritsa ntchito mosalekeza mbale zapamwamba zimakhala zomveka.

Kukhazikika komanso kubwerezabwereza ndi mbali zofunika kwambiri kuti mudziwe ngati mbale imapereka malo olondola kuti mupeze miyeso yolondola.Kulekerera kwa mbali zonse ziwiri kumatanthauzidwa pansi pa Federal Specification GGG-P-463C, DIN, GB, JJS ... Flatness ndi kuyeza kwa mtunda pakati pa malo apamwamba (ndege ya padenga) ndi malo otsika kwambiri (ndege yoyambira) pa mbale.Kubwerezabwereza kumatsimikizira ngati muyeso wotengedwa kuchokera kudera limodzi ukhoza kubwerezedwa pa mbale yonse mkati mwa kulolerana komwe kwanenedwa.Izi zimatsimikizira kuti palibe nsonga kapena zigwa mu mbale.Ngati kuwerengera sikuli mkati mwa malangizo omwe afotokozedwa, ndiye kuti kuyambiranso kungafunikire kubweretsanso miyesoyo mwatsatanetsatane.

Kuwongolera kwanthawi zonse kwa mbale ndikofunikira kuti muwonetsetse kukhazikika komanso kubwereza pakapita nthawi.Gulu loyezera mwatsatanetsatane ku Cross ndi ISO 17025 lovomerezeka kuti liwonetsetse kusalala kwa mbale komanso kubwereza.Timagwiritsa ntchito Mahr Surface Plate Certification System yokhala ndi:

  • Moody and Profile Analysis,
  • Zithunzi za Isometric kapena Nambala,
  • Multiple Run Average, ndi
  • Kutengera Magiredi Mwadzidzidzi Mogwirizana ndi Miyezo ya Viwanda.

Mahr Computer Assisted Model imatsimikizira kupatuka kulikonse kapena mzere kuchokera pamlingo wokwanira, ndipo ndiyoyenera kuyika mbiri yolondola kwambiri pama mbale apamtunda.

Kufikira pakati pa ma calibrations kumasiyana malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa ntchito, malo omwe mbaleyo ili, komanso zofunikira za kampani yanu.Kusamalira bwino mbale yanu kutha kuloleza kuti pakhale nthawi yayitali pakati pa kuwerengetsa kulikonse, kumakuthandizani kupewa mtengo wowonjezera wobwereza, ndipo chofunikira kwambiri ndikuwonetsetsa kuti miyeso yomwe mumapeza pa mbaleyo ndi yolondola momwe mungathere.Ngakhale mbale za pamwamba zimawoneka zolimba, ndizo zida zolondola ndipo ziyenera kuchitidwa motero.Nazi zina zomwe muyenera kuziganizira posamalira mbale zanu zapamtunda:

  • Mbale ikhale yaukhondo, ndipo ngati n’kotheka iphimbe pamene siikugwiritsidwa ntchito
  • Palibe chomwe chiyenera kuikidwa pa mbale kupatula magalasi kapena zidutswa zomwe ziyenera kuyezedwa.
  • Osagwiritsa ntchito malo omwewo pa mbale nthawi zonse.
  • Ngati n'kotheka, tembenuzani mbale nthawi ndi nthawi.
  • Lemekezani malire a katundu wa mbale yanu
22. Precision Granite Base Ikhoza Kupititsa patsogolo Magwiridwe Achida cha Machine

Precision Granite Base Itha Kupititsa patsogolo Kachitidwe ka Zida Zamakina

 

Zofunikira zikuchulukirachulukira muukadaulo wamakina nthawi zonse komanso pakumanga zida zamakina makamaka.Kupeza zolondola kwambiri komanso magwiridwe antchito popanda kuchulukitsa mtengo ndizovuta nthawi zonse kuti mukhale wampikisano.Bedi la zida zamakina ndilofunika kwambiri pano.Chifukwa chake, opanga zida zamakina ochulukirachulukira akudalira granite.Chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake akuthupi, amapereka ubwino womveka bwino womwe sungapezeke ndi chitsulo kapena polima konkire.

Granite ndi mwala womwe umatchedwa kuti volcanic deep rock ndipo uli ndi mawonekedwe owundana kwambiri komanso ofanana ndi kukula kocheperako, kutsika kwamafuta komanso kugwedera kwakukulu.

Pansipa mupeza chifukwa chomwe malingaliro omwe anthu ambiri amavomereza kuti granite ndiyoyenera kwambiri ngati makina opangira makina oyezera apamwamba kwambiri ndi akale komanso chifukwa chake zinthu zachilengedwe izi ngati maziko a zida zamakina ndizopindulitsa kwambiri kuposa chitsulo kapena chitsulo choponyedwa ngakhale chapamwamba. -zida zamakina zolondola.

Titha kupanga zida za granite zosunthika, zida za granite zama motors linear, zida za granite za ndt, zida za granite za xray, zida za granite za cmm, zida za granite za cnc, kulondola kwa granite kwa laser, zida za granite zamlengalenga, zida za granite pamagawo olondola. ...

Mtengo Wowonjezera Wopanda Ndalama Zowonjezera
Kuchulukirachulukira kwa granite mu uinjiniya wamakina sikuli kochuluka chifukwa cha kukwera kwakukulu kwa mtengo wachitsulo.M'malo mwake, ndichifukwa chakuti mtengo wowonjezera wa chida cha makina chomwe chimapangidwa ndi bedi la makina opangidwa ndi granite ndi chotheka pamtengo wochepa kwambiri kapena osawonjezerapo.Izi zimatsimikiziridwa ndi kuyerekezera mtengo kwa opanga makina odziwika bwino ku Germany ndi Europe.

Kupindula kwakukulu mu kukhazikika kwa thermodynamic, kugwedezeka kwa vibration ndi kulondola kwanthawi yayitali komwe kumatheka ndi granite sikungatheke ndi bedi lachitsulo kapena chitsulo, kapena pokhapokha pamtengo wokwera kwambiri.Mwachitsanzo, zolakwa za kutentha zimatha kuwerengera mpaka 75% ya zolakwika zonse za makina, ndi malipiro omwe nthawi zambiri amayesedwa ndi mapulogalamu - ndi kupambana kwapakati.Chifukwa cha kutsika kwake kwamafuta, granite ndiye maziko abwino a kulondola kwanthawi yayitali.

Ndi kulekerera kwa 1 μm, granite imakwaniritsa mosavuta zofunikira za flatness malinga ndi DIN 876 pa digiri ya kulondola kwa 00. Ndi mtengo wa 6 pamlingo wouma 1 mpaka 10, ndi wovuta kwambiri, ndipo ndi kulemera kwake kwapadera kwa 2.8g. /cm³ pafupifupi imafika pamtengo wa aluminiyamu.Izi zimabweretsanso maubwino owonjezera monga kuchuluka kwa chakudya, kuthamangitsa ma axis apamwamba komanso kukulitsa moyo wa zida zodulira zida zamakina.Choncho, kusintha kuchokera ku bedi loponyedwa ku bedi la makina a granite kumayendetsa chida cha makina omwe akufunsidwa kuti apite ku kalasi yapamwamba kwambiri potsata ndondomeko ndi ntchito - popanda mtengo wowonjezera.

Granite's Improved Ecological Footprint
Mosiyana ndi zipangizo monga chitsulo kapena chitsulo, mwala wachilengedwe suyenera kupangidwa ndi mphamvu zambiri ndikugwiritsa ntchito zowonjezera.Ndi mphamvu zochepa zokha zomwe zimafunikira pakukumba miyala ndi kuchiritsa pamtunda.Izi zimapangitsa kuti pakhale malo apamwamba kwambiri a chilengedwe, omwe ngakhale kumapeto kwa moyo wa makina amaposa chitsulo ngati chinthu.Bedi la granite likhoza kukhala maziko a makina atsopano kapena kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zosiyana kwambiri monga shredding pomanga msewu.

Komanso palibe kusowa kwa zinthu za granite.Ndi thanthwe lakuya lomwe limapangidwa kuchokera ku magma mkati mwa nthaka.'Yakhwima' kwa zaka mamiliyoni ambiri ndipo ikupezeka mochuluka kwambiri ngati chilengedwe pafupifupi pafupifupi makontinenti onse, kuphatikizapo ku Ulaya konse.

Kutsiliza: Ubwino wochuluka wowonetseredwa wa granite poyerekeza ndi chitsulo kapena chitsulo chosungunula umatsimikizira kufunitsitsa kwa akatswiri opanga makina kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zachilengedwezi ngati maziko a zida zamakina zolondola kwambiri, zogwira ntchito kwambiri.Zambiri zokhudzana ndi zida za granite, zomwe ndizopindulitsa pazida zamakina ndi uinjiniya wamakina, zitha kupezeka m'nkhaniyi.

23. Kodi mawu akuti “Kubwerezabwereza” amatanthauza chiyani?Kodi sikufanana ndi flatness?

Muyeso wobwereza ndi muyeso wa madera akuphwanyika.Mafotokozedwe a Repeat Measurement amanena kuti muyeso wotengedwa kulikonse pamwamba pa mbale udzabwereza mkati mwa kulolera komwe kwanenedwa.Kuwongolera kufulatitsa kwaderako mokhwimitsa kwambiri kuposa kufulatitsa kwathunthu kumatsimikizira kusintha kwapang'onopang'ono kwa mawonekedwe amtundu wapansi potero kumachepetsa zolakwika zamderalo.

Opanga ambiri, kuphatikiza zopangidwa kuchokera kunja, amatsatira Federal Specification ya kulolerana kwa flatness koma ambiri amanyalanyaza miyeso yobwereza.Zambiri zotsika mtengo kapena mbale za bajeti zomwe zilipo pamsika masiku ano sizingatsimikizire miyeso yobwerezabwereza.Wopanga amene sakutsimikizira miyeso yobwerezabwereza SAKUKUPANGA mbale zomwe zikugwirizana ndi zofunikira za ASME B89.3.7-2013 kapena Federal Specification GGG-P-463c, kapena DIN 876, GB, JJS...

24. Chofunika kwambiri ndi chiyani: flatness kapena kubwereza miyeso?

Zonsezi ndizofunikira kuti zitsimikizire kuti pali malo olondola kuti muyese molondola.Mafotokozedwe a flatness okha siwokwanira kutsimikizira kuyeza kwake.Tengani chitsanzo, mbale ya 36 X 48 Inspection Grade A, yomwe imakwaniritsa ZOKHA zokhazikika za .000300". khalani olekerera kwathunthu m'dera limodzi, 000300"!M'malo mwake, imatha kukhala yokwera kwambiri ngati gage ikukhazikika pamtunda wotsetsereka.

Zolakwa za .000600"-.000800" ndizotheka, kutengera kuuma kwa malo otsetsereka, komanso kutalika kwa mkono wa gage yomwe ikugwiritsidwa ntchito.Ngati mbale iyi ikanakhala ndi ndondomeko ya Repeat Measurement ya .000050"FIR ndiye kuti cholakwika choyezera chikanakhala chocheperapo .000050" mosasamala kanthu za kumene kuyezako kumatengedwa pa mbale.Vuto lina, lomwe nthawi zambiri limakhalapo pamene katswiri wosaphunzitsidwa akufuna kukonzanso mbale pamalopo, ndikugwiritsa ntchito Repeat Measurements kokha kutsimikizira mbale.

Zida zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kutsimikizira kubwereza ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINTHU ZINAKHALA BWINO.Akayika ziro pamalo opindika bwino, amapitirizabe kuwerenga ziro, kaya pamwamba pake ndi yathyathyathya kapena yopindika bwino kapena yopingasa 1/2"! Amangotsimikizira kufanana kwa pamwamba, osati kusalala. imakwaniritsa zonse ziwiri za flatness ndi miyeso yobwerezabwereza imakwaniritsadi zofunikira za ASME B89.3.7-2013 kapena Federal Specification GGG-P-463c.

Tifunseni za kukhazikika kapena kukhazikika ndikubwereza lonjezo loyezera poyimba +86 19969991659 kapena imelo INFO@ZHHIMG.COM

25. Kodi kulolerana kolimba kwa flatness kuposa Laboratory Grade AA (Grade 00) kungapezeke?

Inde, koma atha kutsimikiziridwa kokha pa kutentha kwapadera kowongoka.Zotsatira za kuwonjezereka kwa kutentha pa mbale zingapangitse kusintha kolondola kwambiri kuposa kulolerana ngati pali kusintha kwa gradient.Nthawi zina, ngati kulolerako kuli kolimba mokwanira, kutentha komwe kumachokera ku kuyatsa kwapamwamba kungayambitse kusintha kokwanira kwa maola angapo.

Granite ili ndi coefficient ya kukula kwa matenthedwe pafupifupi mainchesi .0000035 inchi iliyonse pa 1°F.Mwachitsanzo: A 36" x 48" x 8" mbale ya pamwamba ili ndi zolondola za .000075" (1/2 ya Grade AA) pa gradient ya 0 ° F, pamwamba ndi pansi ndi kutentha komweko.Ngati pamwamba pa mbaleyo ikuwotha mpaka kutentha kwa 1 ° F kuposa pansi, kulondola kungasinthe kukhala .000275 "convex! Choncho, kuyitanitsa mbale yokhala ndi kulekerera kolimba kuposa Laboratory Grade AA iyenera kuganiziridwa ngati pali kuwongolera kwanyengo kokwanira.

26. Kodi mbale yanga ya pamwamba iyenera kuthandizidwa bwanji?Kodi iyenera kukhala level?

Chophimba pamwamba chiyenera kuthandizidwa ndi 3 mfundo, yomwe ili bwino 20% ya kutalika kuchokera kumapeto kwa mbale.Zothandizira ziwiri ziyenera kukhala 20% m'lifupi mwake kuchokera kumbali zazitali, ndipo chotsaliracho chiyenera kukhala chapakati.Mfundo zitatu zokha zimatha kukhala zolimba pa chilichonse kupatulapo malo olondola.

Mbaleyo iyenera kuthandizidwa pazigawozi panthawi yopanga, ndipo iyenera kuthandizidwa pa mfundo zitatu izi pamene ikugwiritsidwa ntchito.Kuyesera kuthandizira mbale pa mfundo zoposa zitatu kumapangitsa kuti mbaleyo ilandire chithandizo kuchokera kumagulu osiyanasiyana a mfundo zitatu, zomwe sizidzakhala zofanana ndi 3 zomwe zimathandizidwa panthawi yopanga.Izi zidzayambitsa zolakwika pamene mbale ikupotoza kuti igwirizane ndi dongosolo latsopano lothandizira.Zitsulo zonse za zhhimg zili ndi zitsulo zothandizira zomwe zimapangidwira kuti zigwirizane ndi mfundo zoyenera zothandizira.

Ngati mbaleyo imathandizidwa bwino, kuwongolera bwino ndikofunikira pokhapokha ngati pulogalamu yanu ikufuna.Kuwongolera sikofunikira kuti mbaleyo ikhale yolondola.

27. Chifukwa chiyani granite?Ndibwino kuposa chitsulo kapena chitsulo chosungunula pamalo olondola?

Chifukwa Chiyani Musankhe Granite?Maziko a MakinandiMetrology Components?

Yankho ndi 'inde' pafupifupi ntchito iliyonse.Ubwino wa miyala ya granite ndi monga: Palibe dzimbiri kapena dzimbiri, zomwe sizingafanane ndi kuphulika, palibe hump yolipira ikakokedwa, kuvala kwanthawi yayitali, kuchitapo kanthu mosalala, kulondola kwambiri, kosakhala ndi maginito, kutsika kothandiza pakukulitsa matenthedwe, komanso kutsika mtengo wokonza.

Granite ndi mtundu wa mwala woyaka moto womwe umakumbidwa chifukwa cha kulimba kwake, kachulukidwe, kulimba, komanso kukana dzimbiri.Koma granite imagwiranso ntchito mosiyanasiyana- si ya mabwalo ndi makona anayi okha!M'malo mwake, Starrett Tru-Stone imagwira ntchito molimba mtima ndi zida za granite zopangidwa ndi mawonekedwe, ngodya, ndi ma curve amitundu yonse pafupipafupi - ndi zotulukapo zabwino kwambiri.

Kupyolera mu luso lathu laukadaulo, malo odulidwa amatha kukhala athyathyathya mwapadera.Makhalidwewa amapangitsa granite kukhala chinthu choyenera kupanga makina oyambira kukula kwake komanso mapangidwe ake ndi zida za metrology.Granite ndi:

makina
wophwanyidwa ndendende akadulidwa ndi kumaliza
zosagwira dzimbiri
cholimba
zokhalitsa
Zigawo za granite ndizosavuta kuyeretsa.Popanga mapangidwe achikhalidwe, onetsetsani kuti mwasankha granite chifukwa cha zabwino zake zapamwamba.

MFUNDO/ KUGWIRITSA NTCHITO ZOVALA KWAMBIRI
Granite yogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ZhongHui pazogulitsa zathu zamba zapamwamba imakhala ndi ma quartz ambiri, omwe amapereka kukana kwambiri kuvala ndi kuwonongeka.Mitundu yathu ya Superior Black ndi Crystal Pinki imakhala ndi milingo yotsika yamayamwidwe amadzi, zomwe zimachepetsa kuthekera kwakuti magalasi anu azikhala dzimbiri mukamayika mbale.Mitundu ya granite yoperekedwa ndi ZhongHui imapangitsa kuti pakhale kuwala kochepa, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti maso a anthu omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mbalezo achepa.Tasankha mitundu yathu ya granite pamene tikuganizira za kukula kwa matenthedwe pofuna kuchepetsa mbaliyi.

ZOCHITIKA ZOFUNA
Ntchito yanu ikafuna mbale yokhala ndi mawonekedwe ake, zoyikapo ulusi, mipata kapena makina ena, mudzafuna kusankha zinthu ngati Black Diabase.Zinthu zachilengedwezi zimapereka kuuma kopambana, kugwedera kwabwino kwambiri, komanso kuwongolera bwino.

28. Kodi mbale za granite zitha kubwerezedwa pamalopo?

Inde, ngati iwo sanavale kwambiri.Kuyika kwa fakitale yathu ndi zida zimalola kuti pakhale mikhalidwe yabwino yosinthira mbale ndikukonzanso ngati kuli kofunikira.Kawirikawiri, ngati mbale ili mkati mwa .001 "ya kulekerera koyenera, ikhoza kubwezeretsedwanso pamalopo. Ngati mbale yavala mpaka kufika pamtunda woposa .001" chifukwa cha kulolerana, kapena ngati ili ndi dzenje loipa kapena nicked, ndiye adzafunika kutumizidwa ku fakitale kuti akupera isanayambe relapping.

Kusamala kwambiri kuyenera kuchitidwa posankha katswiri wowongolera ndi kukonzanso malo.Tikukulimbikitsani kuti musamalire posankha ntchito yanu yoyeserera.Funsani kuvomerezeka ndikuwonetsetsa kuti zida zomwe katswiri adzagwiritse ntchito zili ndi National Inspection Institution traceable calibration.Zimatenga zaka zambiri kuti muphunzire kulumikiza bwino granite mwaluso.

ZhongHui imapereka kutembenuka mwachangu pamachitidwe opangidwa mufakitale yathu.Tumizani mbale zanu kuti ziwonjezeke ngati nkotheka.Ubwino wanu ndi mbiri yanu zimatengera kulondola kwa zida zanu zoyezera kuphatikiza ma mbale apamwamba!

29. N’chifukwa chiyani mbale zakuda zimakhala zoonda kuposa mbale za granite za kukula kwake?

Mbale zathu zakuda zakuda zimakhala ndi kachulukidwe kwambiri ndipo zimalimba katatu.Choncho, mbale yopangidwa ndi yakuda sikuyenera kukhala yochuluka ngati mbale ya granite ya kukula kwake kuti ikhale yofanana kapena kukana kwambiri kupotoza.Kuchepa kwa makulidwe kumatanthauza kuchepa kwa kulemera ndi kutsika mtengo wotumizira.

Chenjerani ndi ena omwe amagwiritsa ntchito granite yakuda yotsika mu makulidwe omwewo.Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, zinthu za granite, monga nkhuni kapena zitsulo, zimasiyana malinga ndi zinthu ndi mtundu, ndipo sizikuwonetseratu kuuma, kuuma, kapena kuvala.M'malo mwake, mitundu yambiri ya granite yakuda ndi diabase ndi yofewa kwambiri komanso siyoyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mbale zapansi.

30. Kodi mafananidwe anga a granite, ma angle plates, ndi ma master square angapangidwenso pamalopo?

Ayi. Zida zapadera ndi maphunziro ofunikira kukonzanso zinthuzi zimafuna kuti zibwezedwe kufakitale kuti ziwongoleredwe ndi kukonzanso.

31. Kodi ZhongHui angandilondolere ndikukonzanso ngodya zanga za ceramic kapena zofananira?

Inde.Ceramic ndi granite zili ndi mawonekedwe ofanana, ndipo njira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito poyesa ndi kuyika miyala ya granite zitha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito ndi zinthu za ceramic.Ceramics ndizovuta kwambiri kugudubuza kuposa granite zomwe zimapangitsa mtengo wokwera.

32. Kodi mbale yokhala ndi zitsulo zoyikapo zitsulo ingapangidwenso?

Inde, malinga ngati zoyikazo zakhazikika pansi pamtunda.Ngati zoyika zachitsulo zili ndi, kapena pamwamba pa ndege, ziyenera kukhala zoyang'ana pansi mbaleyo isanapanikizidwe.Ngati pangafunike, titha kupereka chithandizocho.

33. Ndikufuna mfundo zomangira pa mbale yanga yapamwamba.Kodi mabowo opangidwa ndi ulusi angawonjezedwe pa mbale yapamwamba?

Inde.Zoyika zitsulo ndi ulusi wofunidwa (Chingerezi kapena metric) zitha kulumikizidwa mu mbale pamalo omwe mukufuna.ZhongHui amagwiritsa ntchito makina a CNC kuti apereke malo olimba kwambiri mkati mwa +/- 0.005 ”.Pazoyika zosafunikira kwenikweni, kulolera kwathu kwamalo oyika ulusi ndi ±.060". Zosankha zina ndi ma T-Bars achitsulo ndi mipata yolowera mu granite.

34. Kodi palibe chowopsa chokoka zoyikapo epoxied mu mbale?

Zowonjezera zomwe zimagwirizanitsidwa bwino pogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zapamwamba za epoxy ndi ntchito zabwino zidzatha kupirira mphamvu zambiri za torsional ndi shear.Pakuyesa kwaposachedwa, pogwiritsa ntchito 3/8"-16 zoyikapo ulusi, labotale yoyezetsa yodziyimira idayeza mphamvu yofunikira kukoka choyikapo cha epoxy kuchokera pa mbale ya pamwamba. Mwala wosweka poyamba unasweka.Avereji yolemetsa yomwe inalephereka inali 10,020 lbs ya granite yotuwa ndi ma 12,310 lbs yakuda.Panthawi imodzi yomwe choyikapo chinakoka mbale, katunduyo atalephera anali 12,990 lbs. ! : https://www.zhhimg.com/standard-thread-inserts-product/

35. Ngati mbale yanga ya pamwamba ya granite kapena chowonjezera choyang'anira chawonongeka kapena chatsekeredwa, kodi chingapulumutsidwe?Kodi ZhongHui akonza mbale iliyonse?

Inde, koma ku fakitale yathu yokha.Pafakitale yathu, titha kubwezeretsa pafupifupi mbale iliyonse kukhala "yatsopano", nthawi zambiri pamtengo wochepera theka la mtengo woisintha.Mphepete zomwe zawonongeka zimatha kupakidwa zigamba, ma grooves akuya, ma nick, ndi maenje amatha kuchotsedwa, ndipo zomangirazo zitha kusinthidwa.Kuphatikiza apo, titha kusintha mbale yanu kuti ionjezere kusinthasintha kwake powonjezera zoyikapo zitsulo zolimba kapena za ulusi ndikudula mipata kapena milomo yothina, malinga ndi zomwe mukufuna.

36. N'chifukwa Chiyani Musankhe Granite?

Chifukwa Chiyani Sankhani Granite?
Granite ndi mtundu wa mwala woyaka moto womwe unapangidwa padziko lapansi zaka mamiliyoni ambiri zapitazo.Mapangidwe a miyala ya igneous anali ndi mchere wambiri monga quartz womwe ndi wolimba kwambiri komanso wosamva kuvala.Kuphatikiza pa kuuma ndi kuvala kukana granite ili ndi pafupifupi theka la coefficient of expansion monga chitsulo choponyedwa.Popeza kulemera kwake kwa volumetric ndi pafupifupi gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a chitsulo chosungunuka, granite ndiyosavuta kuyendetsa.

Pazitsulo zamakina ndi zida za metrology, granite yakuda ndiye mtundu womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri.Granite yakuda imakhala ndi kuchuluka kwa quartz kuposa mitundu ina ndipo, motero, kuvala kovutirapo.

Granite ndiyotsika mtengo, ndipo malo odulidwa amatha kukhala athyathyathya kwambiri.Sikuti itha kulumikizidwa pamanja kuti ikwaniritse zolondola kwambiri, koma kukonzanso kumatha kuchitika osasuntha mbale kapena tebulo kuchoka pamalopo.Ndi ntchito yopukutira pamanja ndipo nthawi zambiri imawononga ndalama zochepa kwambiri kuposa kuyimitsanso chitsulo china.

Makhalidwewa amapangitsa granite kukhala chinthu choyenera kupanga makina oyambira kukula kwake komanso mapangidwe ake ndi zida za metrology mongambale ya granite pamwamba.

ZhongHui amapanga zida za granite za bespoke zomwe zimapangidwira kuti zithandizire miyeso ina.Zinthu zomwe zatchulidwazi zimasiyanasiyanam'mphepete mowongoka tomabwalo atatu.Chifukwa cha kusinthasintha kwa granite, mazigawoimatha kupangidwa molingana ndi kukula kulikonse kofunikira;ndizovala zolimba komanso zokhalitsa.

37. Mbiri ndi Ubwino wa Granite Surface Plate

Ubwino wa Granite Surface Plates
Kufunika koyezera pamtunda wofanana kunakhazikitsidwa ndi katswiri wa ku Britain Henry Maudsley m'ma 1800.Monga wopanga zida zamakina, adatsimikiza kuti kupanga kokhazikika kwa magawo kumafunikira malo olimba kuti muyese zodalirika.

Kusintha kwa mafakitale kudapangitsa kuti pakhale kufunika koyezera malo, kotero kampani ya engineering Crown Windley idapanga miyezo yopangira.Miyezo ya mbale zapamwamba idakhazikitsidwa koyamba ndi Korona mu 1904 pogwiritsa ntchito chitsulo.Pamene kufunikira ndi mtengo wachitsulo ukuwonjezeka, zipangizo zina zoyezera pamwambazi zinafufuzidwa.

Ku America, wopanga zipilala Wallace Herman adatsimikiza kuti granite yakuda inali yabwino kwambiri kuposa mbale yachitsulo.Popeza granite simaginito ndipo sichita dzimbiri, posakhalitsa idakhala malo oyezera omwe amakonda.

Chophimba cha granite ndi ndalama zofunika kwambiri zama labotale ndi malo oyesera.Chophimba cha granite cha 600 x 600 mm chikhoza kuikidwa pa chothandizira.Zoyimilira zimagwira ntchito kutalika kwa 34" (0.86m) ndi mfundo zisanu zosinthika zosinthira.

Kuti mupeze zotsatira zodalirika komanso zofananira, mbale ya granite ndiyofunikira.Popeza kuti pamwamba pake ndi ndege yosalala komanso yokhazikika, zimathandiza kuti zida zizigwiritsidwa ntchito mosamala.

Ubwino waukulu wa mbale za granite ndi:

• Osaganizira
• Kusamva mankhwala ndi dzimbiri
• Kukula kocheperako poyerekeza ndi chitsulo changolocho kotero sikukhudzidwa kwambiri ndi kusintha kwa kutentha
• Okhazikika mwachilengedwe komanso ovala zolimba
• Ndege yapamtunda simakhudzidwa ngati ikandedwa
• Sachita dzimbiri
• Zopanda maginito
• Zosavuta kuyeretsa ndi kukonza
• Kuwongolera ndi kuyikanso pamwamba kutha kuchitika pamalowo
• Yoyenera kubowola poyikapo ulusi wothandizira
• High kugwedera damping

38. N'chifukwa Chiyani Mumayesa Plate Pamwamba pa Granite?

Kwa mashopu ambiri, zipinda zoyendera ndi ma labotale, mbale zolondola za granite zimadaliridwa ngati maziko oyezera molondola.Chifukwa mulingo uliwonse wamzera umadalira malo olondola omwe amatengera miyeso yomaliza, ma plates apamtunda amapereka ndege yabwino kwambiri yowunikira ntchito ndi masanjidwe a ntchito asanayambe kupanga.Ndiwo maziko abwino opangira miyeso ya kutalika ndi malo owonera.Kuphatikiza apo, kukhazikika kwakukulu, kukhazikika, mtundu wonse ndi kapangidwe kake zimawapangitsa kukhala chisankho chabwino chokweza makina apamwamba kwambiri, zamagetsi ndi zowonera.Panjira iliyonse yoyezera iyi, m'pofunika kuti ma plates asamayende bwino.

Bwerezani Miyeso ndi Kuphwasuka
Zonse ziwiri za flatness ndi kubwereza miyeso ndizofunikira kwambiri kuti zitsimikizidwe kuti pamwamba pakhale bwino.Kutsika kumatha kuonedwa ngati mfundo zonse zomwe zili pamtunda zomwe zili mkati mwa ndege ziwiri zofanana, ndege yoyambira ndi ndege yapadenga.Kuyeza kwa mtunda pakati pa ndege ndi kuphwanyika konse kwa pamwamba.Muyezo wa flatness uwu nthawi zambiri umakhala wololera ndipo ungaphatikizepo chizindikiro.

Kulekerera kwa flatness kwa magiredi atatu okhazikika kumatanthauzidwa mu federal specification monga momwe zimakhalira ndi njira iyi:
Gulu la Laboratory AA = (40 + diagonal² / 25) x 0.000001 inchi (umodzi)
Kuyendera Gulu A = Gawo la Laboratory AA x 2
Chipinda cha Chida B = Laboratory Giredi AA x 4

Kuphatikiza pa flatness, kubwerezabwereza kuyenera kutsimikiziridwa.Muyeso wobwereza ndi muyeso wa madera akuphwanyika.Ndilo muyeso womwe umatengedwa paliponse pamwamba pa mbale yomwe idzabwerezedwa mkati mwa kulolerana komwe kunanenedwa.Kuwongolera kusalala kwa malo kuti asaloledwe mokulirapo kuposa kuphwanyidwa kwathunthu kumatsimikizira kusintha kwapang'onopang'ono kwa mawonekedwe amtundu wapansi, potero kumachepetsa zolakwika zamderalo.

Pofuna kuwonetsetsa kuti mbale ya pamwamba ikukumana ndi kusalala komanso kubwereza kayezedwe kake, opanga ma plates a pamwamba pa granite ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito Federal Specification GGG-P-463c ngati maziko ofotokozera.Muyezo uwu umatsimikizira kubwerezabwereza muyeso, zinthu zamtengo wapatali za ma granite a pamwamba, mapeto a pamwamba, malo othandizira, kuuma, njira zovomerezeka zoyendera ndi kuyika zoyikapo ulusi.

Chovala cham'mwamba chisanavalidwe mopitilira muyeso kuti chikhale chophwanyika, chimawonetsa zomata kapena zopindika.Kuwunika kwa mwezi uliwonse kwa zolakwika zobwerezabwereza pogwiritsa ntchito gage yowerengera kubwereza kudzazindikira mawanga.Kubwereza kuwerengera gage ndi chida cholondola kwambiri chomwe chimazindikira zolakwika za m'deralo ndipo chimatha kuwonetsedwa pamagetsi amplifier apamwamba kwambiri.

Kuwona Kulondola Kwambale
Potsatira malangizo ochepa osavuta, ndalama zamtengo wapatali za granite ziyenera kukhala zaka zambiri.Kutengera ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka mbale, malo ogulitsira komanso kulondola komwe kumafunikira, kuwunika pafupipafupi kwa mbale kumasiyanasiyana.Lamulo lodziwika bwino ndiloti mbale yatsopano ilandire kukonzanso kwathunthu mkati mwa chaka chimodzi itagulidwa.Ngati mbale ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi, ndikofunikira kufupikitsa nthawiyi mpaka miyezi isanu ndi umodzi.

Chovala cham'mwamba chisanavalidwe mopitilira muyeso kuti chikhale chophwanyika, chimawonetsa zomata kapena zopindika.Kuwunika kwa mwezi uliwonse kwa zolakwika zobwerezabwereza pogwiritsa ntchito gage yowerengera kubwereza kudzazindikira mawanga.Kubwereza kuwerengera gage ndi chida cholondola kwambiri chomwe chimazindikira zolakwika za m'deralo ndipo chimatha kuwonetsedwa pamagetsi amplifier apamwamba kwambiri.

Dongosolo loyendera bwino liyenera kuphatikizira kuyang'ana pafupipafupi ndi makina opangira makina opangira makina, kupereka kuwongolera kwenikweni kwa flatness komwe kungathe kutsata National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).Kuwongolera kokwanira ndi wopanga kapena kampani yodziyimira pawokha ndikofunikira nthawi ndi nthawi.

Kusiyana Pakati pa Calibrations
Nthawi zina, pali kusiyana pakati pa ma calibration a plate plate.Nthawi zina zinthu monga kusintha kwa pamwamba chifukwa cha kuvala, kugwiritsa ntchito molakwika zida zowunikira kapena kugwiritsa ntchito zida zosawerengeka zimatha kuyambitsa kusiyanasiyana kumeneku.Zinthu ziwiri zofala kwambiri, komabe, ndi kutentha ndi chithandizo.

Chimodzi mwa zinthu zofunika kwambiri ndi kutentha.Mwachitsanzo, pamwamba pakhoza kutsukidwa ndi madzi otentha kapena ozizira asanayambe kuwongolera ndipo saloledwa nthawi yokwanira kuti ikhale yokhazikika.Zomwe zimayambitsa kusintha kwa kutentha ndi monga kuzizira kapena kutentha kwa mpweya, kuwala kwa dzuwa, kuyatsa pamwamba kapena magwero ena a kutentha pamwamba pa mbale.

Pakhoza kukhalanso kusintha kwa kutentha koyima pakati pa dzinja ndi chilimwe.Nthawi zina, mbale saloledwa nthawi yokwanira kuti ikhale yokhazikika pambuyo potumiza.Ndibwino kuti mujambule kutentha kwa gradient yowongoka panthawi yomwe kusanja kumachitidwa.

Chifukwa china chofala cha kusintha kwa ma calibration ndi mbale yomwe imathandizidwa molakwika.Chophimba chapamwamba chiyenera kuthandizidwa pa mfundo zitatu, zomwe zili bwino 20% ya kutalika kuchokera kumapeto kwa mbaleyo.Zothandizira ziwiri ziyenera kukhala 20% m'lifupi mwake kuchokera kumbali zazitali, ndipo chotsaliracho chiyenera kukhala chapakati.

Mfundo zitatu zokha zingakhazikike molimba pa chilichonse koma pamwamba pake.Kuyesera kuthandizira mbale pa mfundo zoposa zitatu kumapangitsa kuti mbaleyo ilandire chithandizo kuchokera kumagulu osiyanasiyana a mfundo zitatu, zomwe sizidzakhala zofanana ndi zitatu zomwe zinathandizidwa panthawi yopanga.Izi zidzayambitsa zolakwika pamene mbale ikupotoza kuti igwirizane ndi dongosolo latsopano lothandizira.Ganizirani kugwiritsa ntchito zitsulo zoyimira zitsulo zokhala ndi zitsulo zothandizira kuti zigwirizane ndi mfundo zothandizira.Zoyimirira pazifukwa izi nthawi zambiri zimapezeka kuchokera kwa opanga mbale.

Ngati mbaleyo imathandizidwa bwino, kuwongolera bwino ndikofunikira pokhapokha ngati pulogalamuyo ifotokoza.Kuwongolera sikofunikira kuti mbaleyo ikhale yolondola.

Ndikofunika kuti mbale ikhale yaukhondo.Fumbi la abrasive lopangidwa ndi mpweya nthawi zambiri ndilomwe limawonongeka kwambiri pa mbale, chifukwa limakonda kulowa muzinthu zogwirira ntchito komanso malo olumikizirana ndi magalasi.Phimbani mbale kuti muwateteze ku fumbi ndi kuwonongeka.Moyo wa kuvala ukhoza kuwonjezedwa mwa kuphimba mbale pamene sukugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Wonjezerani Plate Life
Kutsatira malangizo ochepa kumachepetsa kuvala pa granite pamwamba pa mbale ndipo pamapeto pake, kukulitsa moyo wake.

Choyamba, m’pofunika kuti mbaleyo ikhale yaukhondo.Fumbi la abrasive lopangidwa ndi mpweya nthawi zambiri ndilomwe limawonongeka kwambiri pa mbale, chifukwa limakonda kulowa muzinthu zogwirira ntchito komanso malo olumikizirana ndi magalasi.

M'pofunikanso kuphimba mbale kuteteza fumbi ndi kuwonongeka.Moyo wa kuvala ukhoza kuwonjezedwa mwa kuphimba mbale pamene sukugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Sinthani mbale nthawi ndi nthawi kuti malo amodzi asagwiritse ntchito mopitirira muyeso.Komanso, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti m'malo zitsulo kukhudzana ziyangoyango pa gaging ndi carbide ziyangoyango.

Pewani kuika chakudya kapena zakumwa zoziziritsa kukhosi pa mbale.Zakumwa zoziziritsa kukhosi zambiri zimakhala ndi carbonic kapena phosphoric acid, zomwe zimatha kusungunula mchere wofewa ndikusiya maenje ang'onoang'ono pamwamba.

Komwe Mungabwererenso
Pamene mbale ya granite ikufunika kupangidwanso, ganizirani ngati izi zidzachitikira pamalopo kapena pamalo okonzera.Nthawi zonse zimakhala bwino kuti mbaleyo ibwerezedwe ku fakitale kapena malo odzipereka.Komabe, ngati mbaleyo siinavalidwe moyipa kwambiri, nthawi zambiri mkati mwa 0.001 inchi ya kulekerera kofunikira, imatha kubwerezedwanso patsamba.Ngati mbale yavala mpaka kupitirira 0.001 inchi chifukwa cha kulolerana, kapena ngati yabowoledwa moyipa kapena yokhomedwa, iyenera kutumizidwa kufakitale kuti igayidwe isanabwerenso.

Malo opangira ma calibration ali ndi zida ndi mawonekedwe afakitale omwe amapereka mikhalidwe yabwino yosinthira mbale ndikukonzanso ngati kuli kofunikira.

Kusamala kwambiri kuyenera kuchitidwa posankha katswiri wowongolera ndi kukonzanso malo.Funsani kuvomerezeka ndikutsimikizira zida zomwe katswiriyo adzagwiritse ntchito zili ndi mawerengedwe otsatiridwa ndi NIST.Kudziwa nakonso ndichinthu chofunikira, chifukwa zimatenga zaka zambiri kuti muphunzire kulumikiza molondola granite.

Miyezo yovuta imayamba ndi mbale ya granite yolondola ngati yoyambira.Poonetsetsa kuti pali malo odalirika pogwiritsa ntchito mbale yoyezera bwino, opanga ali ndi chimodzi mwa zida zofunika zoyezera zodalirika komanso zigawo zabwinoko.

Mndandanda wa Zosintha za Calibration

  1. Pamwamba pake adatsuka ndi njira yotentha kapena yozizira isanayambe kuwongolera ndipo sanaloledwe nthawi yokwanira kuti ikhale yokhazikika.
  2. Mbaleyo imathandizidwa molakwika.
  3. Kusintha kwa kutentha.
  4. Zolemba.
  5. Kuwala kwadzuwa kapena kutentha kwina pamwamba pa mbale.Onetsetsani kuti kuyatsa pamwamba sikutenthetsa pamwamba.
  6. Kusiyanasiyana kwa kutentha kwapakati pa nyengo yachisanu ndi chilimwe.Ngati ndi kotheka, dziwani kutentha kwa gradient panthawi yomwe ma calibration akuchitidwa.
  7. Mbale saloledwa nthawi yokwanira kuti normalize pambuyo katundu.
  8. Kugwiritsa ntchito molakwika zida zowunikira kapena kugwiritsa ntchito zida zopanda malire.
  9. Kusintha kwapamtunda chifukwa cha mavalidwe.

Malangizo aukadaulo
Chifukwa mulingo uliwonse wamzera umadalira malo olondola omwe amatengera miyeso yomaliza, ma plates apamtunda amapereka ndege yabwino kwambiri yowunikira ntchito ndi masanjidwe a ntchito asanayambe kupanga.

Kuwongolera kusalala kwa malo kuti asaloledwe mokulirapo kuposa kuphwanyidwa kwathunthu kumatsimikizira kusintha kwapang'onopang'ono kwa mawonekedwe amtundu wapansi, potero kumachepetsa zolakwika zamderalo.

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